Genital warts, commonly known as condyloma, is a disease caused by the Human Papilloma Virus.
Most settled places; male genital organs (penis and scrotum over, anus and its surroundings), female genital organs (vagina, vulva, pubic region, anus and its surroundings).
It does not cause symptoms in 60% of cases, but it manifests itself by giving symptoms in a group of 40% of patients.
HOW TO UNDERSTAND GENITAL WARTS?
They are usually brown, pink or white formations that can be individually or in the appearance of cauliflower, which are raised from the skin. Since it can be confused with other diseases, the definitive diagnosis is made as a result of dermatologist examination.
WHAT CAUSES GENITAL WARTS?
Although it is known that it is mostly transmitted sexually, it is rarely without sexual contact.
can also be infected. The virus, which usually enters through the damaged skin, spends an incubation period within a period of 1 month to 1 year. Depending on the person’s body resistance, it may or may not give symptoms.
WHO IS AT RISK FOR GENITAL WARTS?
*The ages between 20-30 are considered to be the most risky age groups where this virus is transmitted.
*People who are polygamous or with a polygamous person,
*People who have another sexually transmitted disease,
* Those who have a chronic disease that reduces the body’s resistance,
* Those who use drugs that reduce the body’s resistance,
* Those who use cigarettes and drugs,
*They are pregnant.
DOES GENITAL WARTS CAUSE CANCER?
There are an average of 80 types of HPV virus that causes genital warts. Some of these types can cause cancer. This does not mean that every genital wart patient will suffer from anogenital cancers (especially of the cervix). However, HPV virus is a serious risk factor in cervical cancer.
Patients with genital warts should absolutely have their routine controls (especially women smear smears, men both genital and anal area controls).
What is the importance of HPV infection during pregnancy?
Excessive growth of genital warts and condyloma masses that existed before the pregnancy period or newly emerged during pregnancy sometimes causes obstruction of the birth canal and vaginal delivery becomes impossible.
Another undesirable situation occurs when the baby catches the HPV in the birth canal while passing through the birth canal during labor. Therefore, in the presence of condyloma and in the history of condyloma, pregnant women are recommended to deliver by cesarean section.
HOW IS GENITAL WARTS TREATED?
In the treatment, cryotherapy (freezing), laser wart treatment, cautery (burning) treatments, antiviral creams and other drug treatments are applied. Surgical treatments are mostly applied in cases where anogenital warts are in dense and large clusters (large condylomas). In addition, suppressive and therapeutic creams should be used for a long time under the supervision of a doctor to prevent recurrences.