It is a very safe method used by experienced hands to improve the appearance of the skin, reduce the rate of spots, create color homogeneity and improve light wrinkles.
Extremely satisfactory results are obtained when used correctly and appropriately in dermatological diseases, acne and melasma.
Chemical peeling is divided into three as “superficial, medium and deep peeling” according to the depth of the process. Superficial and medium-depth peels are preferred because they cause a fresher appearance on the skin and do not adversely affect the quality of life of the person after the procedure.
The purpose of superficial peeling is to accelerate the process of reaching the surface of the young cells from below by removing the cells on the skin surface from the surface. This process ensures a softer and homogeneous skin, purifies the skin from blackheads (open comedones), and eliminates the negative effects such as excessive shine and dryness on the skin by establishing the oil-moisture balance.
Fruit acids are often preferred for chemical peeling. Glycolic acid obtained from sugar cane, lactic acid obtained from milk, and salicylic acid, the main ingredient of aspirin, are the most commonly used forms.
Deep peelings are not preferred due to the difficulty of application under anesthesia and the results obtained are lower than expected compared to the restrictions in the patient’s life.
The peeling process is applied as a total of 4-6 sessions, usually once a week or once every two weeks, depending on the person and the purpose of use. Again, it can be repeated in the form of cures of one or several sessions a year, depending on the need and age. Depending on the cause to be treated and the tolerability of the patient, the strength of the peeling agent can also be increased.
Chemical peeling is a process that must be applied in the winter period and under protection. During the procedure, a slight itching and prickling is normal in superficial peelings, while a more pronounced but tolerable pain occurs in moderate peelings compared to superficial peelings. When the process is completed, this feeling does not last and is temporary.
After the application, sunscreen with a high protection factor should be used regularly every 2-3 hours. Since the skin will be sensitive and open to irritations after the procedure, it is recommended to stay away from environments such as bathing with hot water that increases body temperature, exercising that cause sweating, and not wearing make-up for a few days.
In superficial peelings, a slight redness that continues for a few hours immediately after the procedure and a slight peeling and dandruff may be experienced in the following days, while there may be no redness and dandruff in the skin with high resistance. Since moderate peelings affect the deeper layer than the superficial peeling, redness and peeling may be more pronounced and long-lasting. It is extremely important not to peel off the crusts by hand, if they have occurred, in order not to leave any traces when the treatment process is completed.
Chemical peeling should not be applied in the following cases.
Known allergies related to the agent to be used
Capillaries near the surface of the rosaceiform skin
Active herpes (herpes) infection
Use of drugs such as retinoic acid, salicylic acid that cause skin sensitization