The enlargement of the capillaries, which we call telangiectasia in the medical language, is the enlargement of the diameter of the thin vessels and their enlargement, making them visible from the skin surface. It can occur anywhere on the body, but is most common on the face and legs. It is very common in society. It usually occurs in people with fair skin and thin skin. At the same time, environmental factors can cause capillary formation. Excessive sun exposure, long-term use of birth control pills, hormone therapy, long-term use of cortisone creams and some internal diseases are the obvious causes of capillary formation. In addition, capillary formation may develop due to aging and genetic factors.
In the formation of capillaries in the legs, the genetic inability of the veins to carry the blood in the body to the heart effectively enough, and the pooling of the blood, especially in the legs, due to the effect of gravity are effective. It is structurally more common in women. Increased temperature, standing too much, prolonged sitting with legs hanging down increase the formation of capillaries. Profession is an important factor. It is more common in people with occupations that mostly require standing. Apart from this, genetic predisposition, using birth control pills and pregnancy can be counted.
Complaints of facial redness and increase in capillaries; It occurs due to sun damage, rosacea, acne scars, long-term steroid use, dermatitis, some medications, using the wrong cleaning product or method, dry and sensitive skin, underlying systemic diseases or genetic structure. The rash may be present all the time or may be more pronounced with certain triggering factors such as hot environment, wind, exercise or consumption of hot and spicy food and alcohol (especially wine). The cheeks, the sides of the nose and the chin are the most common sites for capillary enlargement.
LASER systems are the most common treatment method recently used to treat redness and enlarged capillaries. Laser therapy is a painless treatment that can be performed under local anesthesia.
WHICH LASER IS USED IN CAILAL VESSEL TREATMENT?
In our clinic, NdYAG laser and QS NdYAG laser are used in the treatment of telegiectasia.
Lasers affect the substance called oxyhemoglobin in the blood passing through the capillary. Oxyhemoglobin heats up and coagulates with the effect of the laser, the vessel wall is damaged and the damaged vessels disappear over time. The larger the vein, the greater the amount of blood and oxyhemoglobin in it, so thick veins are easier to treat than thin veins. The surrounding tissues are not damaged during the procedure.
HOW IS LASER CAPITAL VESSEL TREATMENT DONE?
During the procedure, laser light is thrown along the capillary line. The temporary disappearance and discoloration of the vessels during the treatment means that the laser is effective.
HOW MANY SESSIONS DOES THE APPLICATION TAKE?
The duration of treatment varies according to the depth, thickness and location of the capillary. While large vessels generally regress in 1-2 sessions, complaints consisting of common and thin vessels require at least 4-6 sessions. The average interval between two sessions is 4-6 weeks. The effect of the treatment begins to appear better after the second or third session. In those with widespread skin redness, using both surface and deep-acting lasers in combination helps to achieve better results. It is necessary to carry out maintenance sessions every 3-6 months after the end of the treatment in people with facial redness and diffuse capillaries to prevent the recurrence of the disease. The thin capillaries on the side of the nose should be expected to lighten, not disappear.
WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS AFTER LASER CAPITAL VESSEL TREATMENT?
In general, side effects are not seen after capillary treatment. Slight swelling and redness can be seen in the treated areas, usually regress in a few days. Care should be taken not to be exposed to sunlight after the application.
HOW LONG IS THE TREATMENT?
The number of veins treated, their width and duration according to the region
changes. Sessions average 15 – 30 minutes. in progress.
WHO CAN HAVE CAPITAL VESSEL TREATMENT WITH LASER?
Whether the treatment is medically appropriate or not is evaluated by the specialist doctor. Laser treatment is possible at any age.