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What causes acne vulgaris?

Acne (acne vulgaris), which is a common and extremely disturbing cosmetic problem in the society, is a treatable disease. Especially with the onset of puberty, lubrication on the skin increases and the activity of the sebaceous glands deteriorates. The appearance of this on the skin can be unwanted fat accumulations, swellings, inflammations, and subcutaneous cysts.

From the age of twelve to the age of eighteen, acne can affect young people. However, it should be noted that this problem can change at any age, in any period and in every person. Up to 70% of women and 80% of men can develop acne at any time during their lifetime. Unfortunately, it can go away on its own, as well as misinformation, delays in treatment, formation of permanent scars and even an increase in complaints.

The classic acne appearance appears on the skin when the function of the sebaceous glands under the skin is impaired, the pores are closed, and some bacteria cause inflammation.

Factors that affect acne formation are:

1-Genetics: Having acne in the mother or father increases the incidence in children.

2-Ultraviolet: Sun rays can affect the formation of acne positively or negatively.

3-Sweating: Pimples intensify with sweating.

4-Diet: Foods have no increasing effect on acne formation.

5-Hormones: Menstrual irregularity and hormonal disorders intensify acne.

6-Cosmetic products: Misuse of many cosmetics, applications in cosmetic salons constitute an important share in the deterioration of the skin.

Acne can be observed in many different types according to its clinical appearance. Comedogenic acne, the mildest form, appears as blackheads or white buttons, while those in the inflamed form are called pustules. The most severe form is nodules and cysts; these are observed as painful large hardness under the skin and can cause permanent scars on the skin.

Acne can be seen not only on the face, but also on areas such as the chest and back. Acne on the face can be painful and itchy. Deterioration of physical image can lead to psychological stress and tension. Distancing from society, unhappiness, and even the development of depression can be observed.

People with acne seeking remedies from some cosmetic creams, lotions and beauty salons cause the disease to worsen completely and treatment becomes more difficult. Applications in these centers may even lead to permanent scars and the patient may fall into a false belief that he or she has not recovered.

Acne responds absolutely to regular, persistent and long-term treatments. The patient should trust his doctor and continue his follow-up. First of all, only local treatments may be sufficient in mild forms. This treatment is combined with a good cleansing gel. In case of more intense acne, antibiotic use may be required and this usually requires a long period of 3-5 months. In stubborn and severe patients, vitamin A derivatives give very successful results. This disease, which also destroys patients psychologically, can be successfully corrected with a correct follow-up.