Treatment of hair loss should be directed towards the cause. In other words, first of all, it should be investigated why the hair is falling. The treatments to be done in hair loss according to its causes are as follows.
The most important reason for hair loss; It is androgenic alopecia. It is known as male pattern hair loss, but it can be seen in all people, whether male or female. Hair is genetically programmed to shed. So it shows familial predisposition.
The activity of the 5-alpha reductase enzyme in the scalp changes. Due to the hormones activated by this enzyme; Thick, black hairs are replaced by light-colored and fine-type hairs. Then there is hair loss. The age of onset of male pattern hair loss and how much hair loss will vary from person to person. It usually correlates with when it started in the person’s relatives and with the rate of progression. Its incidence increases with advancing age. In fact, this event should not be perceived as a disease, but as a physiological event that is very common with age. Because it is a genetic trait.
Treatments used in male pattern hair loss;
There are 2 FDA-approved agents for the treatment of hair loss in men; Topical minoxidil and oral finasteride treatments. Continuous treatment is required to achieve maximum effectiveness. People should be informed that the hair density before hair loss can never be reached with treatment and that the main purpose of the treatment is to prevent the progression of hair loss.
Hair Transplantation is the transplantation of hair from the occipital (nape) region to the balding vertex (hill) or frontal (front) area. hair transplantation; it is divided into two by looking at the way the roots are taken in the nape region;
1- FUT Technique;Under local anesthesia, the hair follicles taken from the nape area where the hair follicles are located, in the form of strips, are divided into clusters of 1-4 to accommodate the hair and hair follicles, using appropriate techniques under microscopic instruments, without destroying their natural structure, and transplanted into the thinned or completely shed area.
2- FUE Technique; It is the transfer of hair follicles one by one from the nape area in the form of a 1 mm punch with special fine-tipped needles to the area that has been diluted or completely spilled. Since there are no stitches, there is no scar formation. It provides recovery in a shorter time than the FUT method.
PRP; It is an abbreviation for Platelet Rich Plasma. The blood taken from the person is taken into special tubes and a dense serum is obtained from the platelets. Serum rich in platelets is injected back into the hair follicles. Platelets are the cells that operate the wound healing mechanisms in the tissue. In this way, the body is expected to heal itself in the hair follicles. Studies suggest that PRP can be used to increase hair quality.
In hair loss due to diseases, first priority should be given to the treatment of the disease. Because when the disease is treated, hair loss will also correct itself. Diseases that cause hair loss; endocrine diseases; Thyroid diseases, puerperium, menopause and post-menopausal period, Pregnancy, Diabetes, nutritional disorders; biotin deficiency, calorie-restrictive diets, iron deficiency, zinc deficiency, Medications; Anticoagulants, Antimitotic, Benzimidazoles, Betablockers, Interferon, Lithium, Oral contraceptives, Retinoids, Valproic acid, Excessive vitamin A intake, systemic diseases; Collagen tissue diseases, liver diseases, infectious diseases
The main purpose in the treatment of hair loss is to stop the thinning of the hair, increase the thickness of the hair and ensure the regrowth of the hair. In this way, it reduces the psychosocial effects caused by hair loss. When deciding on treatment, the person should first be informed about the natural progression of the condition. Unfortunately, no cure can work miracles.