Wart; It is an infectious viral disease that can be seen in every part of the body, including the scalp, nails, sexual (genital) region, and the inside of the mouth, and is often underestimated.
Warts can be transmitted to a person directly or through contact with contaminated clothing and surfaces. Since the skin softens and relaxes in places such as baths and pools, it is easier for the microbe to settle in the body, especially on the soles of the feet. In nail-biters, irritating or irritating manicure and pedicure applications, the wart microbe settles on the edge of the nail. The way of transmission of warts in the genital area is sexual intercourse.
Simple warts usually appear on the fingers, on the edge of the nails, and sometimes on other parts of the body. A rough bump in the skin color and black spots consisting of blood vessels on its surface can make the diagnosis immediately.
Warts on the Sole of the Feet
Since the warts on the soles of the feet cannot grow outward, they move towards the deep layers and cause pain when stepped on. It can spread more as it is mistakenly mistaken for a callus and tried to be treated by cleaning it.
Flat warts appear on any part of the body, but mostly on the face, with a few millimeters in diameter, as multiple flat raised bumps resembling brown moles.
Genital warts can be seen as moles, black, brown or skin-colored, and sometimes as puffy cockscomb. Apart from these areas, warts can be seen all over the body, including the scalp, mouth and nose, and the edges of the nails. Warts can settle in the mouth and respiratory tract of a child born to a mother who has warts on her genital area.
Simple warts can heal spontaneously in people with high body resistance. However, it is also possible for them to multiply and spread and become resistant to treatment. In addition, the person with the wart is a source of infection for those with whom he is in close contact. Genital warts carry a potential risk for the development of cervical cancer. For this reason, it would be correct to plan the treatment immediately when the wart is seen.
Treatment varies according to the region and type of wart. Microbes are destroyed by using methods such as acidic creams and solutions, cauterization (treatment by burning), cryotherapy (freezing treatment) or laser treatment. In addition, since the high body resistance plays a role in the effectiveness of the treatment, an examination is performed to determine this. Since genital warts are transmitted by sexual intercourse, it is very important to investigate the patient in terms of other diseases transmitted by intercourse. The partner also needs to be treated to prevent recurrence.
The wart microbe, like all other microbes, enters through abrasions, scratches, cracks on the skin or through the thin and sensitive skin in the mouth and genitals called mucous membranes. Therefore, if there is any injury to the skin, this area should be closed and carefully protected. Walking barefoot by the poolside, Turkish bath, hotel rooms and public places can facilitate germ infestation.
Safe intercourse is important to prevent genital warts. Condoms can be partially protective.
Vaccination for genital warts
The HPV vaccine has been developed against genital warts that cause cervical cancer. Although it does not provide protection against all wart types, it has become common in some countries from the age of 12-15.
In our clinic, cauterization, cryotherapy and laser treatment are performed in order to destroy warts, and HPV vaccine is administered by interviewing patients when necessary.