Vascular lesions occur as the enlargement and swelling of many capillaries located just under the skin and coming together. If these veins are close to the surface, they have a red color from the outside and a blue color if they are deep. Some types of vascular lesions occur at birth, while others may occur with advancing age.
Vascular Lesion Treatment
Lasers used in the treatment of vascular lesion are absorbed by the oxyhemoglabin in the vessel, and thus the oxyhemoglabin heats up and the vessel shrinks. The light best absorbed by Oxihemoglabin is the PDL Pulse Dye Laser with a wavelength of 532nm. However, this ray cannot penetrate deep into the skin because it is held very well by melanin. Therefore, lasers are more suitable for superficial vascular lesions.
Nd Yag lasers with a wavelength of 1064nm are less absorbed by oxihemoglabin, but they are also effective in lesions located in the deep region, as they penetrate deeper into the skin.
Since the lights of IPL devices are between 515nm and 1200nm, they can be used in the treatment of vascular lesions, but their effects are not as much as Nd: Yag laser.
Types of Vascular Lesion
It is a problem that occurs with the enlargement of the veins near the surface in the face, décolleté, neck and rarely in other parts of the body. Apart from the face area, it can also be seen on the legs.
Also known as spider nevus, nevus araneus, scular spider, spider telangiectasia. It is a type of telangiectasia. In appearance, it is in the form of a red dot in the middle and red extensions spreading around.
It consists of an outwardly elongated mass formed by the abnormal accumulation of blood vessels. It is the most common type of angioma. Its incidence increases with age.
Port Wine Stain
Wine stain is a type of birthmark. It has a reddish-purple color. It usually occurs on the face but can also be seen in other parts of the body.
Rosacea (Red Face)
It is the name given to the redness of the face area. There are four types of rosacea. One of them emerges in the eye.