The nail ingrown problem, which we call Onychocryptosis in medical language, occurs as a result of the growing nail turning into the surrounding skin and close tissue due to the change in the shape of the nail matrix. This discomfort, which can cause discomfort and pain that prevents the person from walking and working, can affect daily activities, disrupt the psychology of the person and endanger his health. The most blamed factor for ingrown nails is traumas (inappropriate shoes) and incorrect shortening of the nail. Diabetes, constant external pressure exposure, excessive sweating, obesity, presence of bone deformities and tumors under the nail may play an important role in the occurrence of ingrown nails.
The clinical picture first manifests itself with mild redness and swelling at the stinging edge, then with infection, pus discharge and bleeding swelling known as granulation tissue in the advanced stage.
The best method in the treatment of ingrown nails is to preserve the aesthetics of the nail under local anesthesia, and only the ingrown edge and the macular are removed. In this method, which has a recurrence rate of around 10-20, the matrix is destroyed by chemical applications or surgical methods. After this painless application, the patient rests for 24-48 hours and is kept away from running and doing sports for a week. Recovery takes 7-10 days, and the patient can return to his daily life within 1-3 days.
Issues to be considered for the care of the newly formed loofah:
It is important to follow up with the doctor until the normal nail is formed.
If there is a fungal disease in the nail, it must be treated.
Choosing the right shoes is important.
Toenails should be cut straight, avoiding cutting corners too close to the skin.
It is necessary to correct the foot dynamics. With insoles, the problem of low soles can be solved.
Excessive foot sweating should be treated.