Blemish that gives color to the skin melaninIt is the formation of irregular and excessive coloration (hyperpigmentation) on the skin as a result of the overproduction of the pigment substance called normal.
one) Melasma (chloasma) —Also known as pregnancy mask. They are irregular spots on the face, neck, forearms. In melasma;
birth control pills
Due to factors such as cosmetic products, the melanin pigment is overproduced. This increase is more common in areas exposed to the sun, such as cheeks, forehead and chin. Among the above factors, the most effective one is ultraviolet and genetic tendency.
People with dark skin are more likely to be spotted than people with fair skin. Because they have more melanocytes.
2) Congenital Stains—A set of moles or spots that occur at birth or after.
3) Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation —It occurs due to increased sensitivity of the skin as a result of irritation. After peeling, laser or skin diseases such as eczema.
4) Freckles —These spots, which are mostly seen on the cheeks, forehead and chin, can be in the form of light or dark brown spots. They increase in sunny seasons and decrease in non-sun times.
5) Lentigo —They are brown spots that appear in later years due to sun exposure at an early age. Those that occur in advanced ages are also called senile lentigo. It is mostly seen on the hands, arms and face.
Stain is a disease that can be treated. However, before the treatment process, it is necessary to determine the cause of the stain and whether it is a symptom of a disease or not.
In Spot Treatment;
Laser treatments (photogenesis, Er-bium fractional laser, Q switched Nd yag laser)
Methods such as mesotherapy are applied.
Treatment should be directed towards the stain. Depending on the type of stain, the treatment to be applied should be determined by a dermatologist.
Agents such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, retinoic acid are mostly used in medical treatments.