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Skin problems in newborns

one) Nappy rash is probably one of the most important skin problems encountered in newborn babies. What should parents do for its treatment?

One of the most common skin problems in babies is diaper rash. The reason is that the skin that comes into contact with stool and urine is irritated by direct contact with both these and the microorganisms in the stool. However, rubbing the diaper with the skin is also important. The longer this contact lasts, the worse the irritation may become. also, the confined space in the diaper area is a hot and humid environment to describe. All of these conditions together can trigger the formation of diaper rash.

To prevent this, the baby’s diaper should be changed frequently. cloths with good absorbent properties should be preferred.

baby’s bottom should be wiped with a wet, cotton and soft cloth. The diaper area can also be wiped with oil-in-water lotions and creams, and with alcohol-free soft wipes. The use of soap is not recommended. The genital area of ​​girls should be wiped with a wet cloth from front to back and including the folds. In boys, the testicular area should be cleaned especially carefully. The cleaning process should be treated as sensitively as possible, and this area should be closed after it is thoroughly dried or left open for a while.

After each diaper change, protective creams such as zinc oxide should be applied regularly. The use of talcum powder is not recommended.

2)How should babies’ clothes be washed for skin health?

The reason why baby skin is very sensitive; The fact that the skin has not been exposed to external factors yet, the oil layer on the skin is low, therefore the protective layer of the skin against external factors has not been fully formed.

Since baby’s skin structure is different from adult skin, the detergents you use for your own laundry may harm your baby’s skin. For this reason, baby clothes should be washed separately from adult clothes.

• If you remove the brand labels of the clothes, you will prevent your baby’s skin from being irritated.

• Your baby’s new clothes should be washed first and then ironed.

• You should not wash clothes with bleach or similar detergents to avoid irritation of your baby’s skin while washing clothes. Depending on the use of inappropriate detergents on the baby’s skin, side effects such as itching and redness may occur, and allergic contact dermatitis may develop in the future.

• You should prefer detergents or soap powders specially produced for baby clothes. Before washing the clothes, it is necessary to read the washing instructions and wash them accordingly. You can prefer liquid detergents as they are easier to rinse.

• Baby clothes should be rinsed very well. Washed clothes must be dried in the open air and ironed. The iron increases the hygienic effect due to the high heat it provides.

• Dry your baby’s clothes in a sunny place after washing. The sun’s rays help destroy some bacteria. After drying, put the laundry in a cool and dry place or in your child’s closet.

3)Is it right to use plenty of detergent or fabric softener so that it smells good?

We do not recommend using perfumed, abundant detergents and softeners. Perfume and detergent-softener residues penetrating into clothes can trigger future allergic reactions and skin diseases such as eczema.

4)What can be done for the mansion seen in children?

I suggest parents not to worry unnecessarily about the mansion. Because the cause of the mansions is not poor maintenance. The main reason is excessive oil secretion as a result of the overworking of the sebaceous glands of the skin, accumulation of these oils in the form of patches and then drying and spilling.

It is beneficial for babies with a host to wash those areas with sensitive baby shampoos and apply baby oil after the bath.

Even if the host is not treated, it will resolve spontaneously within months under normal conditions.

I can make a suggestion for the host treatment:

If the flakes are dry, you can soften the scaly area with olive oil or baby oil one hour before washing the baby.

You can wash the baby’s head every day with baby shampoo.

You can massage the scalp so that the crusts fall off.

You can gently brush your baby’s hair with a soft-tipped brush.

If you follow these suggestions, you will see that the hosts usually disappear after a while.

5)Some newborn babies have moles… Do they need to be shown to a doctor?

There may be round oval spots of blue-lead color called mongolian spot in the lumbar region. This is of no importance and usually disappears on its own in later years.

1% of newborns may have moles. These may become thicker and darker over time. some of them may be larger than 20 cm or smaller than 1 cm. It is recommended that babies with such moles have their moles checked regularly, at least once a year.

6)How should we protect babies’ skin from drying and sunlight, especially in summer?

Babies’ skin and protective properties are weaker than adults. Therefore, it is necessary to moisturize their skin regularly, especially in summer, and to protect it from the sun very well. From the sun: It is very important to apply physical sunscreen, which does not contain chemicals, to the exposed areas every 2-3 hours, while protecting it with light-colored clothes and a hat. Sunscreens containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide should be preferred as physical protection. Despite these, sun protection is not complete and therefore care should be taken not to keep it outside between 10 and 15 hours.

7)Sometimes families use some herbal mixtures they hear about their children’s skin disorders, how accurate is it to apply them directly to the skin?

In the treatment of any skin disease, especially if the baby has a sensitive skin, it should not be tried to treat by using herbal products. The treatment of every baby and every disease should be individualized, and a mixture that is good for one can have the opposite effect on the other and cause more serious problems. or allergic skin diseases or stains that the baby will experience throughout his life may occur.

8)Finally, what would you like to say to parents about skin problems in babies?

Newborn skin differs from adult skin in many ways. Skin problems are encountered in approximately 80% of newborns and their solutions can usually be resolved quickly with the right treatment. The most important source of microbial infection in infants is the hands of the caregiver. That’s why it’s so important to wash hands every time before touching your baby. As soon as you enter the house from the outside, the elders in the house should wash their hands. Consult a specialist for a problem you encounter on the skin of your sensitive babies.