Foot care and health is one of the most important indicators of personal hygiene. Considering that most of the day is spent standing, walking or running to reach a place, the importance of foot health can be better understood. Inactivity, excess weight, shoes that are not suitable for summer months and some chronic diseases negatively affect foot health.
Regular foot examination should be done
The feet, which carry the weight of the whole body, have a very complex structure. Symptoms of some systemic diseases such as diabetes, arterial and vein disorders, neurological and rheumatic diseases may first occur in the foot, as well as diseases arising from the muscle, bone, joint and nail structure of the foot. Symptoms of diseases such as eczema, calluses, fungus, psoriasis and lichen may be encountered in relation to the skin and nails. With regular foot examination and foot care, many problems can be solved before they occur. Considering that trauma can easily open wounds and wound healing may be delayed due to deterioration of skin nutrition in people with diabetes and circulatory disorders, these people are given training on protection from trauma.
Beware of fungal infections with the warming of the weather!
Fungal infections may present as whitening between the toes, redness and scaling on the soles of the feet, while yellow-black discoloration and thickening of the nails may occur. Especially in summer, fungal infections in the nails must be treated beforehand, due to the use of common areas such as pools. At the same time, it can create an entrance gate for some bacterial infections such as erysipelas (snake). Fungus formation can be prevented by keeping the feet dry, choosing cotton socks and wearing the same shoes one day apart.
Choose comfortable shoes to prevent calluses
Another important problem seen in feet is calluses. Calluses are skin thickenings over bony prominences or pressure points. Calluses can be on the sides, soles, or backs of the feet. In order to protect from calluses, it is beneficial to prefer shoes that are not too high and wide-toed, to apply foot care creams regularly, and to use supportive materials on areas with bone protrusions. In the treatment, locally applied drugs with a dissolving effect on the callus or freezing treatment with liquid nitrogen called “cryotherapy” can be applied.
Be careful when cutting toenails
Ingrown nail; It is a condition that can be painful from time to time when it is embedded in the skin around the nail. Ingrown toenails can be very uncomfortable for people. If infection has developed at the sunken site; Redness and discharge may also be seen. It occurs more frequently in the thumb. It is common in blood circulation disorder, systemic diseases, diabetes and foot skeletal abnormalities. Incorrect cutting of the nail, trauma and use of inappropriate shoes can cause the picture. If there is a bacterial infection in the treatment, antibiotic use, local antibiotic treatment, if there is a fungal infection in the nail, its treatment is done. surgical intervention may be required. In this case, “nail wire application” can be an effective solution. In addition, in general, when cutting toenails, care should be taken to cut them bluntly, and the white part of the nail at the tip should be cut to a size of 1-2 mm.
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