nail diseases

Healthy nails are always more attractive. They reflect the person’s habits and health.
Nails are produced by skin cells found on the tips of the fingers and toes. Nails have a structure made of keratin. This durable protein is only found in hair and skin. The nail itself consists of different layers.
Nails, like hair, grow out of the matrix. As old cells grow, new ones take their place. They are compressed, flattened and rigidly shaped. The average growth of nails per day is 0.1 mm. This rate may vary depending on age, time of year, activities.
Fingernails grow faster than toenails. The nails of the dominant hand or foot grow faster than the other. Nails grow faster in summer than in winter. Women’s nails grow faster than men’s. However, there may be differences during pregnancy and advanced age. The growth/growth of nails is also affected by disease and hormonal disorders.
Nails are more susceptible to wear, depending on their location. Nail diseases constitute 10% of all skin diseases. Most of us have stuck our fingers in the door at least once in our lifetime. Stinging or enduring ingrown toenails
we have had to. Usually minor nail injuries heal in a timely manner. However, serious injuries or illnesses require professional treatment. Some symptoms may indicate nail diseases. As a result of swelling and tingling of the skin around the nail, color and shape changes can be seen in the nails. There may be white lines, indentations, protrusions and pits on the nail. These should definitely be evaluated by a dermatologist.

The most common nail diseases:
white dots
ingrown nail
fungal infection
bacterial infection
Nail biting

1- Keep your nails clean and dry.
This helps keep away bacteria and other infectious organisms that collect under the nail.
2- If your toenails are thick and difficult to cut, soak them in hot salt water. 5 to 10 min. Apply a cream containing 10% urea, it is an over-the-counter cream. Always cut properly.
3- Nails should be cut straight across and slightly circular (with maximum smoothness). Use a sharp nail clipper for this.
4- Use sterile nail files and tools to shape your nails and remove devil nails.
5- Do not bite your fingernails.
6- Be sure to seek medical treatment on nail layers!
7- Consult your dermatologist in any nail irregularity.