Methods Used in the Aesthetic Evaluation of the Face
Social acceptance, psychological well-being and self-esteem depend on physical appearance. It has been published that self-esteem is strongly tied to facial appearance. Appearance is therefore one of the primary functions of the face. Therefore, one of the main purposes of medical aesthetics, laser and surgical treatments is to achieve and maintain optimal facial attractiveness. To achieve this, the doctor must conduct a very careful facial examination so that the applications do not affect the normal facial features. In particular, recognizing facial mismatches will increase the effort to correct negative facial features.
The soft tissue profile that creates the perfect face has been described many times by many disciplines, including artists, physical anthropologists, reconstructive surgeons, dermatologists, and orthodontists. These defined profiles show wide variations in terms of skeletal convexity, soft tissue and position of teeth on the faces. It is an inevitable result that what works best for a perfect face varies greatly depending on the given culture. However, an average face is generally found to be more aesthetic than an atypical face. Skeletal norms help define treatment needs and stability goals, but soft tissue appearance is only partially dependent on the underlying skeletal structure.
It should also consider the development of soft tissue characteristics with aging. The treatment plan to be applied to normalize the facial features of the given individual can be planned by knowing the soft tissue characteristics and their normal values. Changes in normal values are permissible in order to preserve the familial and ethnic characteristics that make the individual unique. Individual facial features and their balance with each other should be defined before treatment.
Knowing the standard facial features and soft tissue structures of the patient, an individualized norm should be established for each patient to best utilize facial attractiveness. For this reason, studies on the determination of facial beauty are increasing.
Any disproportion in the face reduces the aesthetic quality of the face. Correction of this disproportion can be achieved with patient-oriented medical treatment and aesthetic surgery in the light of the standard measurements we have. Anthropometric studies on the face are used both in the correction of congenital head-facial deformities and in aesthetic interventions. Databases of anthropometric measurements were created.
They then conducted a study comparing the reliability of measurements taken from facial photographs and measurements taken directly from the face. Measures include linear distances, slopes and angles. He called this photoanthropometry. The measurements to be used later in the study are formed from different marked points on the face.
Apart from these photographs, it is important to evaluate the facial expressions. Our emotions are under the control of the limbic system in the brain, and these emotions are expressed by 7 cranial nerves and 80% muscle work.
Many methods are used in the aesthetic evaluation of the face. These,
Qualitative (without numerical measurements) Evaluation Method in Face Analysis
Quantitative (by making numerical measurements) Evaluation Method in Face Analysis
Pi Golden Ratio evaluation method in face analysis
Fabergé egg evaluation method in face analysis
Evaluation method with Marquardt face mask
Dr. Young’s eye iris diameter assessment method