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Laser treatment of spots and tattoos


Spots on the skin are a common skin condition in both men and women. More on the cheeks, forehead and chin; they are located on the back, chest, shoulders and back of the body.

Skin spots; – Sun,

– Hormonal changes,

– Some systemic diseases (adrenal, thyroid gland diseases, etc.),

– genetic factors,

– Infectious diseases (fungus, etc.),

– Drugs, wrong use of cosmetic products, etc. reasons may occur.

Types of stains; – Melasma,

– Lentigo,

– Efelid (freckle),

– Can be counted as birthmarks.

Melasma It is a skin spot that appears on the face and occurs after the age of 20. It is more common in young women. Sunbathing, pregnancy, hormone treatments and use of birth control pills trigger the formation of melasma.

lentigo It is a type of stain that can be confused with freckles. It can be seen at any age. It is especially seen in fair-skinned people and in areas exposed to the sun. They occur on the back of the hand, face, shoulders, back and anterior chest. Compared to freckles, they are larger in size and darker in color. It is permanent on the skin in summer and winter, but becomes darker in summer. The spots on the back of the hand and face (lentigo-age spots) usually appear after the age of 40.

Efelid (freckle) , occurs in early childhood, may decrease with age. They are clear-limited, brown, small spots. Unlike lentigo, it darkens after intense sun exposure and fades when you stay out of the sun.

birthmarks ; Nevus of Ota are moles known as Cafe Au Lait Macule (Milky Brown Spot), Becker’s Nevus.

Many methods have been tried so far in the treatment of stains. However, in terms of both treatment success and minimizing the risk of recurrence, the most effective treatment method is “Fractional Ruby Laser Therapy”.

In terms of wavelength, Ruby Laser is more specific to Melanin (pigment-coloring substance in the skin). For this reason, successful results can be obtained by applying fewer sessions in the treatment of stains, and patients can be treated in a short time with less cost.

Again, due to the sensitivity to melanin, unlike other lasers (eg Nd:YAG laser), treatment can be performed without the need for high doses during application. This allows the patient to feel less pain during the application and to minimize the possibility of side effects after the application.

Especially in “MELASMA”, with Fractional Q-Switch Ruby Laser, a high rate of melanin (pigment substance) can be removed from the skin with minimum damage and the possibility of recurrence can be minimized. In addition, patients can continue their daily social lives after the treatment; Unlike other fractional laser applications, no special care is required after the treatment.

Recently, tattoo removal treatment is performed with Q-Switch (Q-Switched) lasers. The dyes used during tattooing have settled into the skin in sizes too large for the body cells to expel. Q-Switch lasers break the tattoo ink into small pieces without damaging the skin. Thus, the tattoo ink reaches the size that the cells in the skin can catch and throw away, and the treatment takes place.

In other lasers, the session intervals are 6-8 weeks, as high doses are needed for tattoo treatment and the healing process is longer. With the Q-Switch Ruby Laser, it is possible to perform the treatment in less time by applying sessions at short intervals such as 3-4 weeks.

Black, dark blue, green and red tattoos can be treated with Q-Switch Ruby Laser. Other Q-Switch lasers (eg Nd:YAG laser) are only used for black, dark blue tattoos; KTP lasers can be effective in red and orange tattoos.