Laser hair removal and its effects

laser hair removal; It is a medical procedure that the specialist doctor should decide on the application, the type of laser to be selected, the laser dose and energy and the number of sessions. It is your LEGAL RIGHT to request a specialist doctor’s examination at the place where you will have laser epilation and information about the laser to be applied.

How does the laser work?

In laser epilation, a method called selective photothermolysis (heat damage caused by light) is used. In this method, the amount of laser energy sufficient to destroy the hair follicles but not to damage the surrounding tissue is sent to the application area within milliseconds. Laser radiation transforms into heat energy in the hair itself and in its roots, in the nourishing vessels around the roots, thereby causing permanent thermal (heat) damage to the stem cells.

Does laser damage the skin and body during or after application?

There are no reported side effects of laser energy on other structures of the skin and the body, except for the hairs. It has been approved by world health organizations that it is not carcinogenic and has no side effects on the skin and internal organs in long-term follow-ups. Since most of the devices used shoot remotely without touching the skin, they do not have any hygiene concerns.

Who and in which areas can the laser be applied?

Except for pregnancy, the laser can be applied to women and men, at any age over 12 years of age, and to any area with unwanted hair. However, in female patients, in cases such as menstrual irregularity, hair growth under the chin and acne formation, and new hair growth in areas that did not have hair growth problems before, conditions such as underlying hormonal disease or ovarian cyst should be investigated first, and if there are normal results, epilation should be started. Otherwise, it should be known that the expected results may not be obtained. The ideal candidates for laser hair removal are those with light skin and dark hair. However, with laser systems that reach deeper, epilation can be safely applied to people with very dark skin color.

Can laser hair removal be applied to every skin color?

As mentioned above, the most ideal candidates for laser hair removal are people with light skin and dark hair. However, with Ruby and Nd:YAG lasers (laser types that reach deeper tissues), successful results are obtained by protecting the upper skin layers in people with very dark skin color.

What can be done if hair growth is thought to be due to a hormonal problem?

In some people, the hair problem may be due to hormonal reasons. In particular, women with menstrual irregularities, increased acne under the chin, increased hair growth in areas where there was no hair growth before, or thickening and condensation in the existing hair should definitely be evaluated for hormonal evaluation and ultrasonographic examination for ovarian cysts. If hormonal disorder or ovarian cyst/polycystic ovarian disease (PCOS) is detected, laser epilation must be started simultaneously with or after medical treatment in order to obtain permanent results.

How long does laser hair removal take?

It varies according to the application area. For example, while the upper lip takes 1-2 minutes, the entire back can take 1 hour.

How often is laser hair removal applied?

A session is applied every 4-6 weeks for armpit, bikini and facial hair, and about every 2 months on arms, legs, back and chest. These times may vary according to the patient. Sometimes control sessions can be done in between.

Is pain felt during laser epilation application?

Although laser epilation varies according to the application area, since it creates heat in the skin, it causes a slight burning sensation in the application area and a feeling of pressure such as hitting the rubber band. This feeling varies between application sites. Areas such as the eye area and upper lip are more sensitive than other areas. However, this sensation is so small that it does not require local anesthesia. In addition, the local cooling systems used in the laser provide you with a more comfortable operation.

Is a single session sufficient for laser epilation, how many sessions should be applied?

Body hair exists in three stages of development called anagen, catagen and telogen. Each hair passes through these phases at different times independently of each other. Laser epilation only affects hairs in the anagen (active) period. For this reason, it is not possible to remove all the hairs in the applied area in a single session. The sessions are done at intervals of 4-6 weeks as the roots enter the active phase or as the hairs come out. Since each hair is in a different phase, retouching is usually applied in the 2nd week. As the total number of procedures varies according to the body region, it also varies depending on your characteristics such as genetic factors, age, gender, hormonal profile.

What changes are observed in the skin after treatment?

In some skins, slight redness and burning sensation and slight swelling and redness indicating that the hair follicles are affected by the laser energy may occur. However, these disappear in 1-2 days in sensitive skins within 1-3 hours. Appropriate moisturizers are recommended for such patients. Sometimes allergy medications (to relieve itching and redness) may be required. Depending on the skin sensitivity of the person in the area where laser epilation is applied; It is normal to develop redness for an hour to a few days. In some people, mild crusting and acne may occur in the treated area after the procedure, and these go away on their own without the need for treatment. The roots of the hairs on which laser epilation is applied grow slightly within 3 to 10 days, or they fall out easily when pulled by themselves or by hand. Hair density is permanently reduced by an average of 10-20% in each session, the difference can only be seen clearly after the 3rd session. If the sessions are continued regularly, the hair problem will begin to decrease after the first session.

What should be done after the treatment?

It is possible to return to daily activities immediately after the laser. Normally applied skin care, washing and make-up products can be used. However, procedures that exfoliate or irritate the skin, such as peeling, waxing, scrubbing, intensive skin care and solarium, should be avoided for 2 weeks both before and after the laser. For people who develop sensitivity to laser, your doctor may recommend drugs to be used for a short time after laser and may impose restrictions on some cosmetic products. After the laser, it should be protected from the sun for 2 weeks, every 2 hours, with high protection factor protectors and clothing.

What happens to the hair in the treatment area after laser epilation?

Within 3 days after the procedure, the lasered hairs gradually rise to the surface and begin to fall out. Hair coming to the surface is not regrowth. It is a process required for the hairs inside the roots to fall out. After the shedding is completed, no new hair will grow in that area for a few weeks. In other words, the probability of hair regrowth from the destroyed root is low. Newly grown hairs are other hairs that transition into the anagen phase, as mentioned above, so retouching is usually done after 2-3 weeks.

Are the results permanent in Laser Hair Removal?

It does not seem possible to re-start a finished hair in an area in conscious treatments with high-power lasers at effective doses. Therefore, it may be necessary to wait 1 year after the last procedure in order to understand whether a particular session is the last one. If hair comes out after one year, it does not indicate that the result is not permanent, but that the treatment has not yet been completed. In cases of hormonal hair growth, if a hormonal disorder occurs again, it is an expected result to see an increase in hair growth.

Is laser hair removal done for men, what are the results?

Men have some advantages and disadvantages in laser epilation applications compared to women. Advantages, men respond very well to laser and much more successful results can be obtained. The disadvantage is that they may need reapplication by reducing the effect of laser epilation in the long term due to high male hormones. Especially men who complain about the hair on the cheekbones, between the eyebrows, on the nape, neck, hands and ingrown hairs, shoulders, back and chest areas can permanently get rid of unwanted hair and ingrown hairs with laser epilation method.