How is the hair transplant operation performed?

The first procedure of the operation is to numb the scalp of the patient by applying local anesthesia.

In this way, the patient stays awake during the operation, can watch TV, eat, read newspapers and books, but does not feel pain.

Hair follicles to be transplanted to the bald area are obtained in two ways.

1. The first is the FUT Method. A strip is removed from the neck, which is the safe donor area. The strip is divided into hair follicles. The small scalp particles obtained by separating the strip are called grafts. Each graft contains one or more hairs (follicles). It is an important advantage of the hair transplant operation that the area left empty by the strip can be closed with a simple stitch and the line-shaped stitch scar can be completely camouflaged with the hair.

2. The second is the FUE Method. In this method, it does not require stripping and stitching from the neck. With the devices developed for this procedure, hair follicles are extracted ready-made in the form of grafts from the back and sides of the scalp or other suitable areas (such as back, shoulder, chest). (People call this subtraction “one by one”.)

What are the features of the instruments used in the operation?

Grafts are placed in the incisions (channels) opened with special tools in the bald area. The feature of the tools used is to ensure that the dimensions of the opened channels are as small as possible. While this increases the frequency and naturalness, it is also a method that accelerates wound healing.

The features of the instruments make it possible to open more channels in a certain area, thus planting more and smaller grafts in this area. The small size of the channels and grafts is the most important factor that increases the frequency (density) and naturalness of hair transplantation.

Another advantage of the small channel size is; the graft fits perfectly into the canal and the skin structure is almost never deteriorated.

grand opening of the canal; It may cause cosmetic problems such as pitting, discoloration, and slippage of the grafts in the surrounding skin.

The opening of the channels in the direction of the original hair and the emergence of the transplanted grafts at the same angle with the original hair is one of the important points that ensure naturalness in hair transplantation.

What is the importance of the natural hairline in the operation?

One of the most important points in a successful hair transplant operation is the creation of the natural hairline. The hairline should be symmetrical and harmonious; It should be determined in proportion to the face shape of the person. Besides the facial lines, it should be drawn in accordance with the way the hair is spilled.

The doctor’s experience and aesthetic creativity are decisive in determining the hairline. Due to the fact that the hairline to be created will remain constant for decades, the aim is to determine the ideal line in terms of shape and location (localization). Patients should not forget that the line should look natural in advanced ages. The hairline should not be kept as low as in the early teen years.

A high hairline where the line is further back on both sides of the forehead (temporal area) will provide an excellent result that lasts a lifetime. In this way; Compared to a low and oval hairline, greater density and a more natural appearance will be achieved.

What should be considered after the operation?

After the operation, nothing is closed to the transplanted area. If the sowing is done by stitching, the bandage is closed on the stitch. The reason for this is to protect the area from external factors. The bandage is removed after a minimum of 12 hours and a maximum of 72 hours. After removing the bandage, there is no trace of the operation when viewed from the outside.

The patient can go home immediately after the operation. To prevent the risk of infection, antibiotic tablets are used for 5 days after the operation. After the procedure, the transplanted area remains covered with scab for a few days. On the 2nd day, the crusts fall off with the onset of washing.

In this process, the patient is recommended to use a hat. If the hair transplant is done with stitches, the stitches are removed after 15 days. The transplanted hair falls out within 2-4 weeks following the operation. As the hair follicles adapt to their new place (2.5 – 3 months are required for this), the hair starts to grow and average 1 cm per month. they grow rapidly. The hair transplant operation does not have any side effects or complications that will impair the health of the person in the future.