What is Puberty Acne, How Does It Start?
Acne is a skin disease caused by the blockage of the special vesicles that secrete sebum, which provides the oil balance of the skin. It is more common during adolescence. Its severity may increase with hormonal factors, genetic predisposition, malnutrition and the use of incorrect cleaners. Since it is a long-term disease, its treatment should be done with patience and care. Disruption or discontinuation of the treatment may cause scars that will remain for life or cause the acne to progress to an advanced stage and worsen. In my clinic, I detect puberty acne most often with excessive lubrication of the skin, dirty and clogged appearance of the forehead, nose and chin, called the t-zone. In this period, the patient’s consultation with a dermatologist prevents the use of faulty products and allows me to control acne from the beginning. In general, the problem skin looks dirty, causing constant washing behavior. dirty-looking skin can turn into problematic skin. Dryness, scaling, redness and inflamed vesicles can be added to this situation. My first approach to the adolescent acne patient, who presents with only greasy, black spots, and dirty skin appearance in the initial stage, is a good questioning. History of the family in terms of skin diseases, how long has the problems existed, what has been used? What is the nutritional and sports status? In acne treatment, I deal with all of these and then start treatment with medications or dermocosmetic products. Cleaning products give the greatest support to medical drug treatment in adolescent acne. Choosing the right cleaning products is the critical point in acne. The products to be given to people with oily, dry, allergic or combination skin are different. If the barrier of the skin is broken with the wrong product, other diseases are added to the acne. As a cleanser, I give milk, lotion, tonic or herbal-based, sometimes antimicrobial cleaning products, depending on the situation. I prefer to start the treatment with as few products as possible, as I know that the habit of cleaning is often difficult during adolescence. The age of onset of acne seen in the early period was reduced to 7-8 years of age. This is thought to be triggered by hormone-fortified foods. It is important for children to stay away from refined sugary and fatty foods that have a long shelf life. Ingestion of foods that have no nutritional value, flavored with chemical substances, and that are consumed only for their taste, adversely affect the excretory organs, especially the liver. Considering that the skin is also responsible for expelling toxic substances, it is understood how critical the substances we eat are. In addition to a healthy diet, children’s sports habits also affect them in a similar way. The child who does sports has a healthy blood circulation. With sweat, toxic substances are expelled, the plugs are relieved and the nutrition of the skin increases. Healing the skin is done with both internal and external support. To wrap up the issue; It is necessary to start the treatment of acne, which is a part of the adolescence period, immediately. If there have been acne problems in the family, it would be the right approach to follow up with a dermatologist from an early period. . Acne treatment can take years. Cosmetics and skin care applications can be added to the treatment from time to time. It is necessary to monitor them patiently and regularly. Regulating life habits is a critical point in acne treatment. The dermatologist can evaluate this and make personalized recommendations. The biggest problem encountered in untreated acne is the presence of lifelong scars and stains on the skin.