The importance of research and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases in HIV protection
Investigation and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases is very important in terms of preventing the spread of HIV (the virus that causes AIDS).
Understanding the relationship between sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection enables effective measures to be taken to protect people who engage in high-risk sexual acts from HIV.
The relationship between sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection
If people infected with sexually transmitted diseases come into contact with HIV during sexual intercourse, the chance of these people to become infected with HIV is 2 to 5 times higher than people who do not have a sexually transmitted disease.
In addition, if a person with HIV infection has other sexually transmitted diseases, the rate of sexual transmission of HIV infection is higher than those who do not have other HIV (+) sexually transmitted diseases.
Biological evidence has shown that the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases is effective in both transmitting and contracting HIV.
Sexually transmitted diseases increase the susceptibility to HIV infection by two mechanisms.
Genital ulcers (such as syphilis, herpes ulcers) disrupt the integrity of the skin in the genital area. As a result of this deterioration, a door of entry is opened for HIV.
Secondly, as a result of inflammation occurring in sexually transmitted diseases with or without genital ulcers (such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomonas), HIV-attractive cells may appear in genital discharges by increasing cell density (CD4+ cells).
Sexually transmitted diseases increase the risk of a person with HIV transmitting the virus to their sexual partner. In studies, if people with HIV also have other sexually transmitted diseases, HIV (virus) is found in the genital discharge of these people.
For example, if a man has both gonorrhea (gonorrhea) and HIV, the HIV (virus) rate in his genital discharge is 10 times higher than a person with only HIV. An increase in HIV density in sperm (semen) or genital discharge means an increase in the probability of transmission of HIV (virus) to a sexual partner.
Reducing the spread of HIV infection by treating sexually transmitted diseases
Research and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases have been shown in studies to reduce HIV contagion.
Treatment of sexually transmitted diseases reduces the person’s HIV (virus) transmission.
Studies have shown that as a result of the treatment of other sexually transmitted diseases of people with HIV, the amount of HIV in their genital discharge and the incidence of HIV (virus) decrease.
If there is genital herpes, the tendency to contract HIV infection increases. It also increases the contagiousness of people with HIV. Therefore, everyone especially those with genital herpes should know if they have HIV infection. If there is no HIV infection, he should take precautions to protect himself from HIV.
As a result of experience, it has been seen that the risk of HIV transmission to the spouse decreases as a result of treating both genital herpes and genital herpes of people with HIV.
protection from HIV
Strict protection, testing and treatment from sexually transmitted diseases play a vital role in preventing sexual transmission of HIV. Moreover, it is important to be aware that the HIV epidemic may increase in regions where sexually transmitted diseases increase. Protection from HIV and sexually transmitted diseases together prevents epidemics of these two types of diseases.
Early diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases is effective in preventing HIV.
It is important to implement diagnosis and treatment programs in regions where sexually transmitted diseases that facilitate the transmission of HIV are concentrated.
People who have or suspect a sexually transmitted disease should always be tested for HIV.