Hair loss, which can occur due to different reasons, brings along serious psycho-social problems in both women and men. It is possible to prevent hair loss when diagnosed correctly.
Every time a person takes his hand to his hair, hair remains on his hand and finding hair on his pillow in the morning is a sign of hair loss disease. Despite this, it should be known that it is normal to lose 50-100 hairs per day. However, in practice this can be difficult to count. In fact, a person can measure whether there is significant hair loss with a simple test. Unwashed hair for three days; be sandwiched between the index and middle fingers. A lock of hair will be stripped down to the tip. Having more than 5 hairs in our hands indicates that shedding is important.
In a healthy person, hair loss can last up to 2 months. If the hair loss period, which is repeated 3 times a year, exceeds 2 months, it may be a harbinger of some serious diseases and may require specialist help. Hair loss usually starts 3-4 months after the triggering factor and can return to normal 6-12 months after these factors are treated.
What are the causes of hair loss?
Seasonal changes, stress, iron deficiency and hormonal disorders are just a few of the causes of hair loss. However, serious diseases can also be the source of hair loss.
Physical stress: Physical trauma, surgery, accident or serious illness can cause temporary hair loss. Hair has a life cycle consisting of 3 phases. Hair grows, waits and then falls out. As a result of physical stress, this cycle can be disrupted and more hair is pushed towards the shedding phase. Hair loss can be noticeably noticeable within 3 to 6 months after physical trauma.
Emotional stress: Hair loss is less common due to emotional stress compared to physical stress. In emotionally challenging periods such as deaths, divorce, bankruptcy, if your hair is prone to shedding, stress can accelerate this process.
Thyroid gland diseases: If the thyroid gland works more or less, widespread hair loss can be seen.
Anemia: Anemia caused by iron deficiency is actually a cause of hair loss that can be corrected very easily. There are other symptoms of anemia, such as weakness, headache, pale skin, and cold hands and feet.
Birth: An example of the physical stress we just mentioned is pregnancy and childbirth. Hormonal factors also come into play in this process. It occurs 2-3 months after birth. It often gets better on its own without the need for treatment.
Protein deficiency: If the diet is deficient in protein, the body will cut hair growth in order to save the protein it needs.
Sudden weight loss: Sudden weight loss is also a type of physical trauma for the body. Although losing weight is beneficial for your health, sudden weight loss can cause hair loss.
– drugs: One of the side effects of some blood thinning drugs, drugs used for heart diseases, cancer, blood pressure and rheumatic diseases, some acne drugs and antidepressants is hair loss. Not all drugs of this type have this side effect, and other drugs not listed here can cause hair loss. You can discuss with your doctor whether the medicine you use constantly causes hair loss.
Zinc, B12 and Vitamin D deficiency: Zinc, copper, biotin, vitamin B12, folic acid, deficiency and vitamin D deficiency also cause hair loss.
Polycystic ovary syndrome: In polycystic ovary syndrome, there is an imbalance in female and male hormones. Excess androgen hormone can cause ovarian cysts, weight loss, changes in the menstrual cycle and weakening of the hair.
Androgenetic hair loss (AGA): The most important cause of hair loss is AGA. In men and women, with hair on the crown area
watches. The term AGA refers to the presence of androgens with a genetic predisposition in both sexes after onset of puberty.
can occur at any time. Usually onset is between 30 and 40 years. It is clinically noticed at the age of 17 years in men and 25-30 years in women.
Hair Loss Treatment:
If a disease is detected as a result of the examination and examination (such as hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary), treating this disease will solve the problem of hair loss. Again, if there is a deficiency in the body such as iron and B12, removing it will solve the problem. In cases where no disease or deficiency is detected, the problem is tried to be eliminated with drugs such as finasteride, minoxidil, d-panthenol.
In addition, 2 other treatment options that have a special role in the treatment of hair loss are hair mesotherapy and PRP (Platelet rich plasma) treatment.
Mesotherapy application is in the form of applying cocktails consisting of components such as amino acids, vitamins and minerals, which have hair nourishing and improving properties, to the scalp with fine-tipped special needles, with a gun or manually.
PRP therapy is a recently developed treatment option. PRP is platelet-rich plasma obtained as a result of the separation of one’s own blood with a special device. It is successfully applied in dermatological conditions such as skin rejuvenation, removal of acne scars, skin blemishes, as well as hair loss. The prepared material is applied to the scalp of the patient with the mesotherapy technique.
As a result, hair loss is a preventable process. It is important to apply to a dermatologist for hair loss that continues for more than 2 months.