There are many reasons for hair loss in both men and women. The most common causes can be listed as dermatological diseases involving the scalp, male pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia), regional hair loss (alopecia areata) and structural disorders of the hair shaft. In addition, hair loss is observed during the course of febrile diseases, some systemic diseases (hypothyroidism / hyperthyroidism, anemia), metabolic disorders, vitamin and mineral deficiencies (folic acid and zinc deficiency), chronic drug use and seasonal transition periods. In addition to all these, the development and resistance of the hair is largely determined by the genetic characteristics of the person.
Considering these factors, it is important to perform a dermatological examination to determine the causes of hair loss. Blood tests should be performed for the examination of the scalp, evaluation of the structure of the hair (microscopic examination of the structure of the hair with the trichogram method), determination of scalp involvement if there is a concomitant skin disease, detection of systemic diseases, detailed examination of the drugs used, and determination of metabolic disorders.
PRP application to the scalp is used in regional and male pattern hair loss, in reducing hair loss during and after hair transplantation, in seasonal transition periods, in hair loss due to chronic drug use, and in eliminating disorders such as thinning and thinning of hair.
PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma = Platelet Rich Plasma) is the person’s own serum obtained by separating the blood into its components after a special procedure. For this procedure, 20-30 cc of blood is taken from the patient and centrifuged. PRP is formed from approximately 10-25% of the blood taken. In addition to a large number of platelets, PRP contains 7-10 times more coagulation and growth factors than the clot formed after injury. It is applied by injecting PRP solution under the skin with very small needles. With the application, a large number of clotting cells (platelets) and growth factors are given to the area. These items are; They provide cell regeneration, new vessel formation, storage of intracellular intermediates, regulation of the immune system, new tissue formation and remodeling, and antimicrobial activity. For the best results from the treatment, it is applied up to 5-8 sessions by giving rest periods of 2 or 4 weeks. Since the patient’s own serum is used, there is no risk of allergy. There is no risk of transmission of HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus. Temporary side effects such as redness, bruising and tension may be seen locally in the application areas. PRP is not suitable for people with liver disease, acute and chronic infections, pregnancy and breastfeeding, immune system diseases, sensitivity to blood and blood products, and people who use drugs that reduce coagulation.
PRP application in the treatment of hair loss is an effective method for both men and women. The application prolongs the life of the hair and thickens the hair strand. The combined use of the procedure with mesotherapy supports the treatment. In addition, the use of appropriate shampoo and topical drugs according to the structural characteristics of the scalp (such as oily or dryness) also increases the effectiveness of the treatment.