Approximately 50-100 strands of hair can be shed normally per day. On the other hand, hair loss can be mentioned when there is excessive hair loss and visible thinning of the hair. Depending on the value placed on hair, hair loss can affect a person to varying degrees, from mild anxiety to severe depression. In men, the hairline often goes back and thinning begins, usually the upper part of the hair falls out. In women, shedding from all areas occurs at the same time. Unless the cause of hair loss is determined exactly, it will not be possible to choose the right treatment method. For this reason, those who have complaints of hair loss, weakness in hair follicles and thinning of hair strands should consult a dermatologist.
The increase in hair loss is easily understood by controlling the hair loss on the pillow in the morning or after the shower. While combing or shaping the hair, the approximate amount of shedding can be determined and the change in this number can be noticed. Sometimes, it is noticed that the hair generally decreases within a certain period of time.
We have an average of 100,000 strands of hair and the life of a strand is 5 years on average. In other words, all of our hair is completely renewed every 5 years, which is possible by shedding 50-100 strands of hair a day and replacing them with new ones. To talk about hair loss, the daily loss must be more than 100 strands.
In a healthy person, approximately 90% of the hair is in the growth phase at a certain time. This stage can last for 2-6 years. At this stage, the hair follicles are long and deep. The remaining 10% is in the resting phase, which lasts for 2-3 months. At the end of this resting phase, the hair falls out, new hair begins to grow from the root of the shed hair, and the cycle continues in this way. Most hair loss is caused by this normal hair growth cycle.
Causes of Hair Loss
Aging, genetic factors, nutritional disorders, especially iron and zinc deficiency, vegetarian diet, rapid weight loss, hormonal disorders, thyroid gland diseases, febrile diseases, puerperium, stress, tension, sudden and severe sadness, excessive vitamin A intake, cancer drugs and Some other drugs, fungal diseases of the scalp can cause it.
The most common cause of hair loss is genetic predisposition. In this case, although there is a decrease in hair in women, baldness does not occur. In men, shedding can start from a very early age. One of the important reasons in women is hormonal changes such as pregnancy, puerperium, menopause, stress, nutrition, cosmetics and the effects of seasonal changes.
Methods such as dyeing, bleaching, straightening or perming the hair can damage the hair. Frequent or simultaneous application of these methods, tight collection of hair, frequent washing can contribute to this process.
Male pattern baldness is a genetic condition that affects about half of men throughout their entire life. Left untreated, half of men over the age of fifty remain completely or largely bald. The earlier the treatment is started, the more effective the result. Because when a region remains hairless for several years, it is not possible to re-grow hair there. In women, after menopause, there may be spills in the top area similar to male pattern hair loss.
Postpartum shedding: While most of the hair is growing in pregnant women, it may go into the resting phase after birth and may shed excessively for 2-3 months. After a while, the hair grows back and reaches its former density.
Patchy regional shedding: Sometimes there is loss of hair in neat rounds. Why exactly is unknown. In these shedding, which can be associated with stress, although the hair may return on its own later, treatment is recommended as it can sometimes progress rapidly.
In serious diseases, the hair can go into the resting phase, but over time it regains its old form. Especially in thyroid gland diseases, hair loss may occur, and the loss can be eliminated with the treatment of the disease.
When you can’t get enough protein in the diet, the body can put the hair in the resting phase to preserve the protein. Some medications, such as birth control pills, and some cancer treatments can stop hair cells from dividing, patients may lose a large amount of their hair, but hair will return to its original state after therapy ends. Iron deficiency can also cause hair loss. Major surgery and chronic diseases can cause hair loss.
Fungal diseases: Fungal disease, which can start with crusting in small patches and spread, causing hair breakage, redness and swelling on the scalp, and leakage, can also cause shedding. Children and sometimes adults with hair pulling disease may pull hair, eyebrows or eyelashes until they break.
When hair loss and weakening begins, your skin and hair will be analyzed in our clinic and the necessary analyzes will be requested. In the presence of a certain disease that causes hair loss, it is primarily aimed to eliminate this condition. Then, situation-specific solutions such as various drugs and cosmetic products, hair mesotherapy, ETG, PRP cures are selected.