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Hair Diseases


Each hair is embedded in the skin with an onion-like structure called the bulbus. Each of them forms a unit structure together with its supporting tissue, nerve and vascular structure. This information shows us that the hair has some needs just like an organ.

There are basically three types of bristle structures:

– Lanugo hair is the type of hair we see in newborn babies that is lost after a few months

– Terminal hair: thick dark hairs that become evident with puberty

– Vellus hair, on the other hand, is quince hair, excluding hormonal hairs found in a healthy body, except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

The developmental stage of the bristles:

The period of growth and development of the hair is the active period and 85-90% of it is in this phase. Hairs in the active phase wait in the transition phase and are then shed. This shedding process does not happen in all hairs at the same time, that is, it is asynchronous.

The growth rate of the hair, its duration, the rate of hair in the growth and development phase, and the hair density differ according to the location of the hairs. For example; 100 hair loss is considered normal in a healthy individual.

Diseases that directly or indirectly affect this hair cycle; cause hair or hair loss.

Hair loss is one of the common reasons for our patients to apply. For a healthy hair; There is a need not only for the hair itself, but also for the soil that gives birth to the hair and ensures its growth and development, that is, a solid scalp.

Causes of hair loss;

Drugs used

Menstruation, pregnancy, menopausal status

Past diseases, operations (from 4 months ago)

Hair care, use of hair cosmetics

Diet; adequate protein intake

hormonal disorders

Infections (such as fungus)

  • What do we consider in hair loss?

  • 1. Hair structure: we look at it both with the naked eye and with a dermatoscope device.

  • 2. The amount and distribution of shedding: how is the distribution or type according to the gender of the patient? Do we get hair when we do a tensile test?

  • 3. Is the scalp healthy? Are the structures we call follicles intact? Because, if these structures are absent, there is no fertile part. Especially in such involvements, our aim is not to regrow hair, but to reduce or prevent the progression of hair loss.

  • 4. For our female patients, is there acne or hair growth indicative of a hormonal disorder?

  • How should patients with hair loss complaints be evaluated?

  • Hair should not be combed and washed for at least 5 days.

  • Hair cosmetics such as conditioner, spray, and processes such as straightening and dyeing should be left 2 weeks before the evaluation.

  • Frequently Asked Questions From Our Patients With Hair Loss Complaints

  • Question 1: My child has hair loss & thin hair & woolly hair or tangled hair. Not scanned?

  • It should not be forgotten that this problem may be alone or may accompany a number of diseases. In addition to the hair structure, it is important to evaluate the skin attachment structures such as eyebrows, eyelashes, teeth and nails, especially in children with such complaints.

  • Question 2: Is it okay if I razor my child’s hair?

  • I observe that the children brought to the examination are psychologically affected and upset. Of course my answer is no. Because it has no scientific meaning.

  • Question 3: My hair is falling out, I’m afraid to comb it?

  • Combing hair is actually a kind of massage and relaxation for the hair and scalp. It is necessary to continue scanning without force.

  • Question 4: My scalp hurts a lot?

  • Especially in some individuals, hair root pain, which we call tricodynia, occurs before hair loss. The scalp is sensitive to touch.

Please entrust your hair to dermatologists as well as your skin health. To healthy bushy, lively hair..

Treatment for Hair Loss:

It varies depending on the type of shedding and accompanying diseases. If there is no reason, if the scalp is healthy, it can be supported with vitamin and growth factor cocktails such as mesotherapy or with platelet-rich plasma treatments (PRP) obtained from the individual’s own blood.

– In spills due to systemic diseases; If the scalp is intact, it can be treated in the early period.

Unfortunately, there may be permanent losses in the late stages of the diseases.

Because; should be evaluated by a dermatologist.