foot health

The most common complaints of our patients

-Nail fungus

-Ingrown Nail

-Calls Treatment

-Diabetic Feet

-Heel Cracks

NAIL FUNGUS

Fungi first settle on the outer layer of the skin, and then on the nail. This results in a fungal infection of the nail.

Why Does It Happen?

Chronic diseases (Diabetes, kidney diseases) can cause. It also spreads easily in environments with high humidity, high temperatures and pools. After nail fungus infects one nail, it can spread to other fingers. If the person does not pay attention to cleanliness, it is possible to jump to the other foot. Although it is very rare, the fungus that occurs in the nail can be transmitted to someone else.

What are the symptoms?

Although there are many causes, the most common symptoms include yellow and green spots on the nails, browning of the nail, flaking on the nails, excessive hardening and thickening of the nail, and deformities in the nail. One or more of these symptoms can often be seen in different forms in people.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis of nail fungus is made by looking under a microscope with a sample of nail taken from the suspected nail by your dermatologist. The treatment is still medication, cream, laser applications and solutions that your dermatologist deems appropriate.

Ingrown Nail

There are multiple causes of ingrown toenails. Sometimes deformity, sometimes wrong shoe selection, sometimes genetic predisposition, sometimes wrong cut, sometimes no reason can be found.

Symptoms

On the thumb nail at most; It manifests itself in the form of pain, swelling, redness and tissue growth as a result of the nail ingrowing to the sides.

Treatment

First of all, as a result of the examination of your dermatologist, it is decided what kind of treatment will be followed. If the stinging is mild, a sterile pad is placed between the nail and the tissue and the nail is ventilated. If there is sunken, advanced swelling, redness, ie infection, antibiotic treatment and creams are used in addition to tampons. At the advanced level, only the ingrown part of the nail, that is, the edge of the nail, is cut into thin strips and pulled. With the medicated intervention, nail growth from that part is prevented. The area with tissue growth is also intervened by making an incision with cautery. The patient is completely relaxed.

Callus

It is the self-thickening of the skin to protect the existing area in order to prevent irritation and damage to the points exposed to friction and pressure on our skin.

reasons

Wrong choice of shoes

high heels

printing defects

Disorders such as hammer toe, claw toe

barefoot walking

Standing orthopedic problems (such as flat feet, high arches)

Too much bone in the foot

Diagnosis

The first symptoms are sharp pain in the existing area and formations surrounded by yellowish dead tissue with a tender point in the middle. In addition, there may be painless calluses that do not cause any symptoms. In mild calluses, the pain disappears when the pressure is removed. The pain felt in deeper and settled calluses will be much greater. Along with the pain, the thickening continues in the area. Although calluses do not pose a great risk, they require treatment because they are painful.

Treatment

In the first place, the pressure or friction that causes calluses should be eliminated. The existing tissue is cleaned with the help of …. The procedure can be repeated and your dermatologist decides the number of sessions depending on the condition of the callus. Usually, the pain disappears to a large extent after the first session and you can return to daily life.

Diabetic Feet

Unfortunately, diabetes causes a lot of damage to organs. One of them is non-healing wounds on the feet. It can also be considered as an indication that the foot ulcer disease seen in diabetic patients has reached an advanced level and special care is required.

Diabetes; It can increase the severity of foot ailments such as ingrown toenails and calluses, and it can manifest itself with wounds even when there are no complaints.

Treatment

First of all, the diabetic patient who notices the wound should apply to the internal medicine physician, whom he has been followed during his illness. Then he should get help from his dermatologist for the care of his wounds.

Heel Cracks

Cracked heels are one of the most common foot health problems. As the cracks deepen, they can also manifest with pain due to standing and pressure.

Reasons

Excess Weight

Long Standing

Open Back Shoes

Diabetes

Skin Dryness

Skin Diseases (such as psoriasis, eczema)

Treatment

As a result of your dermatologist’s examination, the treatment is programmed according to the degree of the complaint. As the hardened tissue in the foot may need to be removed, drug treatments may also be sufficient.