Dry skin, wrinkles on the corners of the lips and a gray-brown appearance on the face… All these are signs of how much damage you have done to your skin by smoking and the first signs of an aged skin profile at younger ages… Smoking damages your skin more than the negative effects of the sun. .
The interest in revealing the factors affecting skin aging and thus its treatment is increasing day by day. Aging is the result of molecular changes. Many environmental factors have been identified that lead to these molecular changes. Metabolites and hormone levels of substances taken orally or by air affect skin aging. Ultraviolet, air pollution, infections, smoking and some hormonal factors are the most important factors that accelerate the aging process.
Smoking ages your skin prematurely.
It has been determined that smokers have twice as many wrinkles as non-smokers. The changes made by cigarettes on the skin are not related to sunlight, age and weight changes; It is only related to the duration and amount of smoking. In a scientific study conducted on people aged 30-69, a positive relationship was found between the number of packs smoked per year and facial wrinkles.
It is reported that smoking affects skin aging more than sun rays. There are publications stating that smoking also accelerates the photoaging process.
If you don’t want to have the “drinker face”
The typical “smoker’s face” in smokers, lines perpendicular to the lip around the lip, wrinkles and pale lifeless dry skin on the face, and a collapsed facial expression as a result of the prominence of the underlying bone protrusions are the most common images. This image is unfortunately; It is the same as the image observed in the physiological aging process over 70 years old.
Cigaret; Due to the nicotine substance contained in it, it causes a decrease in the water content in the upper layer of the skin (stratum corneum), resulting in a drier appearance of the skin. Under the influence of some mechanical factors, wrinkles appear around the lips in relation to the facial muscles used while smoking. Changes in skin microvessels that occur in smokers cause local skin ischemia; This prevents the skin from being nourished and purified from toxins and causes damage to the skin. Smoking causes a gray-brown coloration on the skin with its constricting effect on the veins, as well as impairing blood flow and adversely affecting wound healing. Decreased chronic oxygenation in the skin causes significant wrinkles by decreasing collagen synthesis. It has been shown that the elastic layer of the skin on the parts of the body that is not exposed to the sun in smokers is thicker and more fragmented than in non-smokers in the same age group. The appearance of irregular thickened skin that occurs in smokers is due to the thickening and fragmentation of these elastic fibers. Anti-estrogenic effects of smoking such as infertility, early menopause, menstrual irregularities are known. The physiological effects of estrogen on the skin are clearly seen in the postmenopausal period. A relative hypoestrogenic state occurs in women who smoke, resulting in skin dryness and wrinkling.
Smoking reduces the level of vitamin A, therefore, by reducing the protection against free radicals, which are the number one enemy of the cell, it facilitates the formation of wrinkles.
A yellowish hair color appears due to tar in people with white or gray hair who smoke. While smoking, yellow-brown discoloration occurs on the fingers and nails where the cigarette is held. This finding is called the “nicotine symptom”. In smokers, the inside of the mouth is darker. In fact, stubborn, hard, irregular white layers that we call “leukoplakia” can form on the inner surfaces of the cheeks, which can cause cancer in the future.
If you care about your skin health, you should quit smoking.
Smoking is the most important risk factor for premature skin aging. In today’s world, where the average human lifespan is increasing, the increase in the elderly population day by day leads to an increase in the studies on the causes and solution of skin aging. As in other fields of medicine, paying due attention to prevention methods is of primary importance in the fight against premature skin aging.
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