There are various causes of skin redness. It can be said that this situation, which is seen at a higher rate in fair-skinned people, is related to the fact that the capillaries are close to the surface and accelerated blood circulation. So why are blood vessels on the surface? Or why blood circulation accelerates? Does the skin always react by blushing because these are present?
Hot, cold, sun, steam, drugs, stress, some foods (spices) can accelerate the blood circulation of the skin. The protrusion of blood vessels is either structural or acquired. Environmental factors cause more damage to our skin, especially if we have fair-skinned skin and have some genetic sensitivities.
Our skin has a large number of cells with various functions. Some of these cells protect the vessels and other cells of the skin by fighting against environmental factors. As it is known, the most important environmental factors are ultraviolet (UV) rays, namely the sun. In particular, UVA easily descends to the dermis of the skin (the layer where cells and vessels are located). It adversely affects the structures here, so the skin becomes wrinkled, dry, stained, its vessels are damaged, and even cancer may occur.
If the flushing, which we call flushing with distress and stress, appears suddenly, if it is not associated with any disease (high blood pressure, etc.), the redness is not permanent. It is an important part of the treatment to control the mood of the person and to use some creams that have a circulatory regulation effect. At the same time, treatment can be accelerated thanks to light therapies. If the redness is permanent; other factors should be investigated. Generally, rosacea is mentioned when there is persistent redness.
Rosacea is a common disease in our country; It is a skin problem that is usually observed in light-skinned people, closely related to the environmental factors we have mentioned, and sometimes even associated with stomach disorders. Rosacea, which often arouses aesthetic concerns in the person; There are various types, ranging from the form in which redness and dryness can occur in the eyes other than the skin, the form with only redness on the skin, the form in which acne-like pimples accompany the redness, and the form that ends with an enlargement in the nose (rhinophyma).
In addition to genetic predisposition, it is known that there is a racial (Northern European and Mediterranean) predisposition. It is seen between the ages of 30-40 and is more common in women than men. It is known that a parasite called Demodex and some special bacteria that live together also cause rosacea. In addition, it has been reported in recent publications that free radicals cause rosacea in cases where cellular defense is reduced.
Common in the treatment of skin redness and rosacea is removing environmental factors. Especially in sunscreens, high zinc oxide and octinoxate content and sunscreen creams that completely block UVA should be used. Attention should be paid to the intake of caffeine-containing, fermented beverages from foods and especially alcohol consumption. The habits of eating and drinking very hot food should be reviewed. Emotional ups and downs should be controlled as much as possible. In addition to all these, reddened areas can be lightened with intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment or vascular lasers.
Among the creams that should be used especially for rosacea, there are creams containing metronidazole or tetracycline, doxycycline antibiotics. Isotretinoin therapy may be recommended in resistant cases.