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Does filler cause blindness or cancer?

Filling is an application that all of us, men and women, have done at almost any age without any hesitation. However, in general, we do not only focus on our target and investigate whether the person doing the job is competent or not think much about the possible side effects in the medium-long term. But if you’re an oncologist like me, you can’t help but ask if it causes cancer or if it can disperse along the vessels and nerve fibers from where it is applied, or if it reaches the lymph nodes and travels to other parts of the body. After all, a foreign substance is injected into your body, is it possible for it to be completely innocent? I conveyed all these concerns to a dermatology professor whom I trust very much; dear Prof. Dr. Ayse Akman. My teacher Ayşe is running from congress to congress as an invited speaker these days. At the same time, she is busy with the preparations for her new open practice. I would like to thank her for taking time out of her busy agenda, she.
I want to ask you everything from A to Z, but first let’s start with what the filling is and for what purposes it is used.

Filling in aesthetic and cosmetic dermatology; It is the process of placing various substances into the skin in different layers. The applied product creates a certain volume by replacing the missing tissue on the skin or by triggering the regeneration of cells. For this reason, it can be done to moisturize the skin, to support the treatment of lines, wrinkles, scars or to replace tissue losses. In addition, the facial contour can be corrected and helps a healthy skin appearance. It is preferred for aesthetic and cosmetic purposes as well as for treatment; maybe even more applied for this purpose.

– What should be the properties of the fillers? Fillers can be temporary, semi-permanent or permanent. Temporary fillers, ie hyaluronic acid or collagen-containing fillers, decompose spontaneously in the skin over time, and their lifespan is usually less than one year. Semi-permanent fillings contain calcium hydroxyapatite and poly-L-lactic acid. They consist of fine small particles and are synthetic in nature and protect themselves on the skin for several years. Permanent fillers, on the other hand, contain products such as silicone, polymethylmethacrylate microspheres and can stay for more than two years, but are generally not recommended due to possible risks.
What is sought in an ideal filling is; It should be biologically compatible with tissue and flexible, should not cause allergies or cancer, should not cause foreign body reaction and inflammation, should be ready to use and easy to apply. For all these reasons, the most commonly used filler material today is hyaluronic acid. It can also be used as a filler in the person’s own fat tissue.

– What are the factors affecting the cosmetic result of the filler?

It is important to choose the right product according to the application area and the technique used. In addition to all these, the expectations of the person, the experience of the doctor, the fillings applied before, if any, the additional diseases of the person and the drugs used affect the result and life of the filling.

– What are the side effects of the filler?

As in every procedure, various undesirable side effects may develop in the early and late period in filling applications. In addition to temporary side effects such as pain, swelling, discoloration, watering, infection at the application site, serious conditions such as permanent scars, allergic reactions, vascular occlusions, embolism and blindness may occur.

– Is life-threatening development a common situation during filling applications?

Approved fillers need to be optimally made in ideal hands. In addition to various temporary side effects that occur depending on the filling product used, the application technique, the area where it is applied, the additional diseases that affect the immune system and the drugs used such as blood thinners, very serious and vital consequences such as the development of blindness, chronic inflammation, and permanent scars on the skin may develop. Although the relationship between filling and cancer development has not been proven yet, it is obvious that the use of unapproved products without medical records and the consequences of filling in inappropriate conditions will threaten public health.

– At the point we have arrived at, unfortunately, everyone is doing these applications. Is this a healthy approach?

It is necessary to apply to specialist doctors and institutions that will minimize the possibility of side effects and can do the necessary intervention in the best way when possible side effects are encountered; Because filler is not a very innocent, side-effect-free application.

I would like to thank our dear teacher Ayşe for the information she gave. I wish you healthy days in the light of knowledge and science.