common hair loss

Dear readers, in this article, I would like to give you information about acquired (non-congenital), common hair loss that does not leave a trace on the scalp, and the treatments for these conditions.

Three growth phases are observed in our hair. The anagen phase is the production phase in which the hair grows and becomes coloured. In the scalp, this phase lasts for six years or longer. The reason why hair on other parts of the body is not as long as hair is because the duration of this phase is shorter. The anagen phase is followed by the catagen phase, in which the growth stops and the hair follicle shrinks. This phase, which lasts about two to three weeks, is followed by the telogen phase, which is the resting period before hair loss. About 10% of all scalp hairs are in this phase, and this phase lasts for an average of one to four months.

Some drugs used for chemotherapy (cancer treatment) and some diseases of the immune system cause anagen hair loss by stopping the production of hair. Telogen hair loss, on the other hand, after febrile diseases, major surgical interventions, trauma and emotional stress; It is seen during breastfeeding, in cases where the thyroid gland works more or less, and in iron and zinc deficiency. Hair loss related to androgen hormones can also be observed in both men and women. Although the hormone levels in the blood are at normal levels, hereditary features come to the fore in this type of shedding, in which the hair sockets in some areas of the scalp respond excessively to these hormones.

In cases where there is a possible underlying cause, elimination of the cause (discontinuation of the responsible drug, correction of iron deficiency, thyroid hormone therapy, etc.) will be sufficient for treatment alone.

In case of structural hair loss, oral biotin vitamin intake, local drugs (spray, lotion, shampoo) that suppress androgenic hormone effects locally, PRP injections and mesotherapy reduce hair loss. Mesotherapy mixtures injected into the skin for the treatment of hair loss contain growth factors that increase the blood supply of the scalp and stimulate the proliferation of cells that produce hair, and drugs that prevent the activation of testosterone hormone.

Although the process is delayed with these methods in progressive structural (androgenic) hair loss, hair transplantation (hair transplantation) may be needed at the end.

I wish you all healthy days.