COSMETIC SELECTION ACCORDING TO SKIN TYPE
It is the dream of all women to have a glowing, tense, fresh skin… There are many options available today, from cosmetics to surgical interventions, to have such a skin. Especially cosmetics are attractive in this area with their effortless use and assertive presentation, and many women do not hesitate to spend money on expensive cosmetics. However, although expensive cosmetics are produced as a result of long studies using the best active ingredients in the light of the latest research in this field, when a product that is not suitable for the skin type is selected, it is not possible to achieve the desired result, and even undesirable results may be encountered. Therefore, your first step in choosing cosmetics should be to learn your skin type and choose a product suitable for it. First of all, it is useful to learn briefly about skin types and their care:
Normal skin: A skin type that is transparent in appearance, balanced in moisture and oil status, closed pores and smooth is considered normal skin. It is the smoothest skin. Products that can be used: Cream or milk type makeup removers, soap-free foaming gel cleansers, light moisturizers with normal alcohol content (5-7.5 percent), and peeling cream 1-2 times a week can be preferred for ages 20-30. Anti-aging serums and creams containing plenty of vitamins and nutrients should be added to the nourishing night cream, eye cream and masks applied starting from the thirties for 1-2 days a week.
Dry skin: It has a dull appearance, oil secretion is below normal, and the moisture content is very low. It can be found in both white and dark skin types. The pores are small and closed. Products that can be used: Cream or milk type cleanser, alcohol-free tonic, an intense moisturizer, nourishing night cream containing intense oil, moisture and oil-storing masks, eye and neck creams, peeling cream, serums and ampoules should be added as the age progresses. Care recommendations for this skin type can be listed as follows:
* Use a moisturizer that does not dry your skin.
* From harsh cleaners and antibacterial soaps; Avoid as it will cause drying, flaking and dandruff.
* Do not choose alcohol tonic as it will dry your skin.
* Use a slightly oily moisturizer in the summer and a dense and higher oil content moisturizer in winter and autumn.
This type of skin is affected very quickly, especially by the sun and wind, starting from the 20s and tends to wrinkle rapidly. Therefore, the use of sunscreen should not be neglected after summer-winter care products.
Combination skin: The T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) is oily, while the cheeks and eye area are more normal and dry. Sometimes there may be a lack of moisture. Oily parts may have open pores, blackheads and acne may appear. In other regions, the pores are closed. Products that can be used: Milk and gel-type cleanser, low alcohol tonic (3-5 percent), moisturizing, cleansing, firming masks, peeling cream, night cream and eye cream should be added according to the needs of the skin, starting from the thirties. Combination skin is highly influenced by climates. In the summer, oily areas become more oily, so acne is a problem. In winter, the cheeks become very dry, stretching, scaling, redness and itching occur. Care recommendations for this skin type can be listed as follows:
* Choose cosmetics according to the seasons. In the fall and winter, apply more moisturizer to your cheeks.
* Use a drying product on acne and oily areas.
* Clean the forehead and nose when using the cleanser. Apply the toner only to the T-zone. After applying the moisturizer intensely to the cheeks, apply a little to the remaining part, namely the T-zone.
Sensitive skin: The skin is thin enough to show the veins. It is a type of skin that is red, itchy and burning. It immediately reacts to bad conditions. It is usually of an allergic nature. They are dehydrated and very stretched skin. Products that can be used: Milk-style cleansers, alcohol-free tonic and anti-sensitization care creams. People with this skin type should use it on their face before purchasing a new cosmetic product if they do not experience any reaction after trying it for 3 days in an area such as behind the ear or inside the elbow.
Oily skin: Its appearance is shiny and oily. It is a skin type with full pores and open, blackheads and acne-prone skin. It is possible to divide oily skin into 3 types: Problem-free oily skin: The skin is shiny, the moisture level is normal, the pores are open and the inside is usually blackheaded. Products that can be used: Gel type cleanser, alcohol tonic, very light moisturizer, cleansing-firming masks and peeling cream.
Oily and sensitive skin: Although the skin is oily, it is dehydrated. Large pores may also be empty. The skin is slightly red due to sensitivity; money can be raised. Products that can be used: Milk-type cleanser, alcohol-free tonic, very light moisturizer, anti-sensitivity creams, pomades, anti-sensitivity and oil-balancing masks. This type of skin tends to loosen and sag rather than wrinkle with age. That’s why those with oily skin should prefer firming-topping care products from the age of 30.
Oily skin with acne: Since the oil secretion is above normal, it is a constantly glowing skin. Pimples, acne and blackheads are intense. The pores are enlarged and they are full. Humidity is normal. Products that can be used: Acne; must be treated medically under the supervision of a dermatologist. Products that can be given in daily care in addition to medical treatment; soap or gel type cleanser, tonic with high alcohol content, very light moisturizing, cleansing and firming masks.
Mature skin: Mature skin is a type of skin that is formed as a result of the slowing of the cell’s life rhythm. Especially after menopause, due to the lack of estrogen hormone, the skin becomes dehydrated and the secretion of the sebaceous glands decreases by more than 50 percent. Thinning, sagging, deep lines and skin spots occur on the skin, capillaries come to the surface, oil lumps develop in places, pores expand. Cures applied especially after the age of 35 are important for the beauty of the skin. Products that can be used: Milk or cream-type cleanser, alcohol-free tonic, intense moisturizing, nourishing, cell-renewing care cream, oil and moisture-storing cell-renewing masks, laying, ampoules and peeling creams. Today, highly effective anti-aging programs are applied under the supervision of dermatologists, and when the right medical cosmetic products are used under the supervision of dermatologists, satisfactory results are obtained.
Yes, as you can see, every skin type has its own tricks in its care. When we pay attention to these, it will not be a surprise to be satisfied with the results.