Varicose veins are the enlargement, elongation, curling and thinning of the vein wall. Veins are the veins that carry blood from the arteries to the extremities to the heart. While these veins carry blood, the valves inside prevent the blood from escaping backwards and pooling. The most important reason for varicose veins is the pressure of the blood returning to the heart with the effect of gravity on the veins due to the deterioration of these valves. The second most common cause is increased vascular pressure due to the insufficiency of the connecting (comminican) vessels that carry the blood from the superficial veins to the deep veins.
Capillary varicose veins can be seen all over the body, although they can be seen in the legs, where the pressure is most effective, and sometimes on the face.
What are the Causes of Capillary Varicose Veins?
Genetic weakness of the veins and insufficiency of the valves
Long standing standing
Using birth control pills
Due to the deterioration of the vascular structure with increasing age
One of the most effective treatment methods of capillary varicose veins is laser treatment. Laser treatments have made great strides in recent years. Side effects are very few in laser treatments and the person can return to their daily activities immediately after the treatment.
Before starting laser treatment, it is useful to check whether there is a circulation problem in the great vein in cardiovascular surgery.
In Which Veins Is Laser Treatment More Effective?
It is applied in leg veins, especially in blue-red colored veins. It is also effective in the treatment of enlarged, thickened, folded veins called telangiectasia on the face, cheeks and sides of the nose, and red colored moles (cherry angioma) in the body.
Who Can Benefit From Laser Therapy?
Laser treatment is possible in women, men and even children. It can be applied to dark-skinned and light-skinned people. It is done in the healthiest way as it is evaluated by specialist doctors whether it is medically appropriate. It is not applied to patients with bleeding disorder, epilepsy, cardiac pacemaker and pregnant women.
How to Treat Varicose Veins with Laser?
The laser sends light energy into the vein. The vessel wall, which is heated up to 70-90 degrees, and the blood cells in it are destroyed and destroyed by being carried by the body. During this process, the surrounding tissues are not damaged. The applied capillary varicose is permanently treated.
How long does the treatment take?
Although it varies between 15-45 minutes on average, the duration varies depending on the number of veins treated and their location.
How Many Sessions Are Applied?
Generally, patients find the results obtained in a single treatment sufficient. However, more than one treatment is required for best results. The number of sessions depends on the number, color and size of the treated veins.
How long should the session intervals be?
It is usually applied in 3-4 week time periods.
Does Treatment Hurt?
Patients often experience a stinging or rubber-like sensation when energized. In most cases, local anesthesia and pain medications are not needed. However, some patients find the use of local anesthesia relaxing and may prefer it. Pain is minimal or absent after treatment.
What Happens After Treatment?
Some redness or bruising may occur. A tan or brownish pigment may remain for several weeks or months, especially when thick veins are treated. After treatment of leg veins, patients may be advised to wear support stockings to keep the veins under pressure.
When will the final result of the treatment appear?
Most patients experience substantial improvement 2-6 weeks after treatment. However, it may take several months for full results to be seen. In some superficial veins, results can be seen immediately during treatment.
What Should Be Considered After Treatment?
Patients are usually allowed to return to their normal activities immediately after treatment. However, it is recommended to avoid strenuous exercises and excessive activities within 24 hours after the treatment. Hot bath should be avoided in leg treatments, sunscreen should be used before going out in the sun.
Can it be applied in all seasons?
Since the interaction with the sun after the treatment may cause permanent stains, the application should not be made in the summer months when the sun is intense.