Brown spots on the face, Pregnancy spots and freckles, spots that develop after acne treatment are cosmetic problems that we frequently complain about. It significantly affects a person’s mental health, appearance, relationships and self-confidence. Its treatment requires time and patience. But if they are not treated, the color will darken; The darker the color, the less the benefit of the treatment. The first step in treatment is to protect from the sun and to investigate the cause of the spot.
The most common cause of brown spots on the face is sun rays. In addition, many factors such as pregnancy, thyroid diseases, hormone treatments, some cosmetics and drugs (epilepsy drugs, birth control drugs, etc.) can cause excessive production or storage of color matter. The brown color of the skin is due to the color substance called “melanin”. The substance melanin is made by color cells. It is stored in the upper or lower layer of the skin.
The basis of spot treatment is sun protection. In addition, it is necessary to limit the use of cosmetic products, hormones and sun-sensitizing drugs. Along with sun protection, “whitening” cosmetic products should also be used to fade the formed spots. Today, many products have been developed and offered for sale under the name of “whitening creams”. The use of these products with sunscreens with a protection factor above 30 and chemical peeling increases their effectiveness. Sunscreens should be used for life during and after treatment. Even a little sunlight can stimulate color cells.
Factors determining its effectiveness in spot treatment:
Compliance of the person to treatment / “protection from the sun”, It is the first step and “must have” of stain treatment. Treatment is completely unsuccessful in those who are not sufficiently protected from the sun. In addition, the spots darken and deepen with each sun exposure.
However, it should be remembered that “sunscreen creams” are only one component of sun protection. The main protection is to limit the time spent outside and wear protective clothing (hats, glasses, etc.). In addition, tablets containing antioxidants (especially vitamins C, A, grape seed extract, alpha-lipoic acid, etc.) should be used as dietary support.
Determining the cause:Under the control of a physician, hormonal aspects should be evaluated and the drugs used should be reviewed.
Depth of the stain: The more superficial the melanin storage, the higher the success of the products; the deeper the melanin deposition, the more difficult the treatment; sometimes completely unsuccessful. Dermatologists can detect the depth of the stain with a specially developed light. The right address for treatment and follow-up is a dermatologist.
Spot treatment is a long-term treatment; takes time and patience: In order to evaluate the effects of “whitening” cosmetic products, they should be used for at least 3-6 months. The continuation or discontinuation of the treatment is decided by the attending dermatologist. Recurrence after treatment is an important problem.
Treatment is not recommended for pregnant, postpartum and female patients using contraceptives. The spots that occur in pregnant women usually disappear within 1 year after birth. The important thing is that sunspots are not added to them.
Today, many “whitening” products have been developed and presented to the user. These products mostly contain: Vitamins, kojic acid, arbutin, licorice root, fruit acids, azaleic acid, hydroquinone, etc. substances and combinations of these substances.
The removal of dead cells from the upper layer of the skin by mechanical or chemical peeling (professional) increases the effectiveness of lightening products and the success of the treatment.
Recently, among the most effective treatment methods; FRAXIONEL LASER and PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma-platelet enriched plasma application) treatments can be counted. The purpose of both treatment methods is to initiate and accelerate the repair of damaged tissue. In fact, what our skin does when healing a wound is imitated. A slight damage is done to our skin with certain limits and this damage is used as a trigger to heal our skin quickly. After this damage, growth factors are released and the healing process begins.