Acne vulgaris, known as acne among the public, is one of the most common skin problems. It usually starts in adolescence and continues gradually in the 20s, although it can continue until the 30s and 40s, and may even start at this age.
Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands in our skin. Under normal conditions, the oil, which we call sebum, secreted from the sebaceous glands in the skin, is thrown onto the skin surface through a channel. Obstruction of this channel for various reasons is the main cause of acne formation. Especially during adolescence, as a result of the increase in androgen, known as the male hormone, the sebaceous glands are stimulated, enlarged and oil secretion increases. Depending on the increased oil release, the density of the channel also increases and the probability of clogging increases. In the meantime, the bacteria in our skin can enter the canal and initiate the inflammatory process, either by their own existence or by the chemicals they produce. Over time, the canal may rupture and the contents may leak under the skin and may appear as red bumps, further nodules and cysts on the surface. At the same time, skin pores can be clogged from the outside due to environmental dust, dirt and sweating of the skin surface. As a result of the oxidation of the oil in the plug at the mouth of the canal with air, black dots are formed (comedones).
Where does acne occur?
The face with the fatter areas of the body. It is seen on the neck, chin, back, shoulders and arms. Acne-like hair follicle inflammation (folliculitis) that can occur in other areas should not be confused with acne.
What factors play a role in the development of acne?
Genetic, hormonal (there may be an increase in acne before menstruation) factors are important in the development of acne. In addition, stress and the use of products that are not suitable for the skin type (such as oily moisturizers, foundation, powder) are also important.
Should acne be treated?
Regardless of its severity, acne must be treated. Although it is not a life-threatening disease, it affects the patient psychologically because of the appearance it creates and the serious and permanent scars it causes.
Who should treat acne?
Acne should be treated by a dermatologist, and cosmetic products should be used with his recommendation. Acne treatment is a long-term treatment that requires patience. It can last for months. Along with the treatment, the use of cosmetic products used in skin hygiene and skin care, which is called auxiliary treatment, is also very important. .
It should not be forgotten that acne is a disease that can be treated. If left untreated, acne scars cannot be treated as easily as acne.