acne in 30 items

The duration of acne treatment may vary depending on the type and severity of acne and an underlying hormonal disorder. While the duration of acne treatment, which is superficial or as a side effect to a drug, varies between 1-3 months, Nodulo-cysticacne disease called acne or its sequelae, what we call bleeding acne You Have Acne FulminanceTreatment varies between 6 and 12 months.

What are the types of acne?

mild acne; there are small pimples and blackheads on the skin, usually not swollen and inflamed. There is acne in the middle, but there is no acne problem yet. That’s why it’s risky. Because there is no perception of a problem, acne is usually left to itself.

moderate acne; is at a noticeable level. It is known that you have an acne problem and you are in search of a solution. Even a few treatments were made, but acne could not be controlled. There are many red and swollen formations on the skin. To these papuleand pustule we say. Some are big and painful. Besides, there are many normal acne and blackheads. Although rare, there may be black spots and scars after acne.

severe acne; It is the highest level of acne problem. The face is covered with inflamed, swollen and reddened formations, and your appearance is significantly affected. Percent large acne ( nodule ) and cysts. It hurts. Generally, deep lesions and acne scars are encountered.

What is bleeding acne?

It is a rare type of acne (acne fulminans) with bleeding and ulcers on the skin, which mostly affects adolescent boys. It may start with fever, weight loss, joint and muscle pain. It can enlarge the liver and spleen. It is a serious acne condition that requires cortisone treatment.

Why do acne scars occur?

Acne is an inflammatory disease. If the treatment is delayed, it can cause redness and brown spots that can remain on the skin for up to 6-12 months, or acne scars that can disrupt the integrity of the skin, which we call permanent. Acne is a treatable disease. When the treatment is arranged according to the severity of acne, scarring will be prevented.

Is acne contagious?

Acne is not a contagious disease. It is caused by excessive skin oil secretion and dead skin production due to hormonal and genetic reasons, and clogging of the pores. You can approach people who have this problem with peace of mind, use things, and even kiss them.

Who gets acne most often?

Although acne is most commonly seen during adolescence, the acne problem that occurs with the change of hormonal balances during pregnancy haunts women during menopause as well. It is also very common in polycystic ovarian disease, which affects many women.

Why does acne recur?

In severe acne, long-term acne, polycystic ovary syndrome, acne may recur at inappropriate (undone) drug doses and duration. After the end of acne treatment, the use of unsuitable facial cosmetic products also causes the recurrence of acne.

Is acne associated with liver disorder?

Acne is not associated with liver disorder. However, some drugs started for acne may have side effects on the liver, so it may be necessary to control liver enzymes in long-term treatments.

Does acne increase with certain foods?

There is no set diet for acne. In some studies conducted in recent years, there are some studies that show that excessive caloric foods increase acne, especially in patients with insulin resistance. For this reason, it may be recommended that patients avoid high-fat and sugary foods. Some patients describe an increase, especially with snacks and chocolate. Restriction of these foods is recommended in such patients.

Are there any medications that cause acne?

Many drugs can cause acne. The most common acne-causing drugs are steroids, hormone-containing drugs, isoniazid, lithium, phenytoin and excessive B vitamins can cause acne.

What is Acne Mallorca?

Acne decreases with the effect of the sun in summer, but some patients may experience acne after exposure to the sun. This acne mallorcais called.

Why does acne appear after puberty?

Hormonal disorders after puberty can cause acne. For this reason, hormone tests should be performed in patients with menstrual irregularity and/or hair growth problems. Many cosmetic products can also cause acne. Applying oily creams to the face or contact with oily products as a profession may cause acne. For this reason, it is recommended that people with acne use special medical cosmetic products. Acne can sometimes develop even after epilation.

What are the “5 most common wrong” information about acne in the community?

Acne is a contagious disease, wrong.

Acne originates from the liver, wrong.

Excessive face washing cures acne, wrong.

It is a disease of adolescence, so it does not require treatment, it is wrong.

Squeezing acne lesions helps cure, wrong.

How does acne occur?

Most of the sebaceous glands are inside the hair follicles. These glands have ducts that open into the skin. If these channels are blocked, acne occurs. A substance called sebum is secreted from the sebaceous glands. Sebum, an oily substance, protects the skin. When sebum cannot get out of the hair root, it accumulates and causes acne formation. This substance accumulated here prevents the removal of dead cells and causes congestion. Thus, it becomes a suitable environment for the growth of bacteria. The proliferation of these bacteria creates the clinic of acne, which is characterized by redness, swelling and pain.

What are the factors that increase acne formation?

Many factors are effective in acne formation. Living with us in our skin p.acnes There is a bacterium called When the number of these increases, acne also increases. Having acne in the mother and father increases the development of acne in the child. Hormones have an effect on acne formation. Chief among these are androgen group hormones secreted from the adrenal glands. Androgen hormones have increased or the skin has become sensitive to these hormones. Excessive sun can increase the spots that may occur after acne. Excessive sweating can increase acne breakouts. Stress and anxiety increase acne. A stressful period, especially for students, is the exam period. During this period, the skin with acne also increases. Acne may increase again due to changes in the hormone level during the menstrual period. Hormonal changes due to pregnancy can cause acne to worsen. In addition, hormonal changes that occur when women start or stop using birth control pills can also cause acne flare-ups.

How accurate is it to squeeze acne (pimples)?

Squeezing an existing pimple worsens acne. It both damages the skin and causes acne to increase. After tightening, scars may remain on the skin. Also, recovery is delayed.

How to feed in acne?

It has not yet been proven that nutrition has a direct effect on acne formation. However, it is beneficial to eat fruits and vegetables. Because they are skin friendly. Some herbal teas are very beneficial for the skin. Linden and fennel teas are among them.

Is acne hereditary?

The exact cause of acne is unknown. The tendency to develop acne can be inherited from the family. In a study conducted with school-age children with acne, it was shown that these children also have a family history.

In short, “11 steps” Acne treatment?

First of all, acne type, prevalence and severity should be defined by referring to a specialist dermatologist.

A personalized treatment should be arranged according to the type and severity of acne and your skin characteristics.

If certain foods are consumed constantly (nuts, fatty foods, carbonated drinks, etc.) and acne lesions are increasing, these foods should be avoided.

Facial cleansing is important for sebum balance. Medical facial cleansers suitable for oily skin should be used, but not overdone. Excessive washing both irritates your skin’s natural defense barrier and is not effective in acne healing.

Regular sleep helps in the treatment of acne.

black spots never should not be tightened. Unconsciously squeezed black spots can become infected and turn into puffy red acne. This may cause smudges or scars. The procedure must be performed by a trained skin specialist.

Excessive make-up and the use of heavy concealers should be avoided. Again, oil-based make-up should be avoided. Remember that the skin is the largest breathing organ of our body.

Acne treatment is a long process and requires determination and patience.

Depending on the severity of acne, the cream treatment given for mild acne should be applied to the entire face, not just the acne. Most therapeutic creams can cause dryness and redness of the skin. Therefore, it should start with practice. It is especially preferred in the treatment of black and white spots.

Antibiotic therapy is the first choice in the treatment of intensely reddened blisters and yellow inflamed blistering acne. Oral Isotretinoin therapy is used in very advanced acne or acne that does not respond to treatment. It is absolutely not used in pregnant women. It can cause excessive dryness of the skin and eyes. Sometimes it can cause elevation of liver enzymes. Therefore, treatment with this drug is carried out under the supervision of a doctor.

Fractional needle Radiofrequency technique is a successful acne sequelae and active acne treatment method that is getting more and more popular. The procedure only requires application by skin specialist doctors.

How do acne pits pass?

Scar treatment in acne is arranged according to the type and depth of the scar. Instead of a single method, combined treatments for scars are more effective. This treatment should be done by your dermatologist. Treatment methods such as peeling with fruit acids, PRP and dermoroller can be used for redness and brown marks. Although needle radiofrequency is an effective treatment method for deep pit scars, fractionated laser treatment can also be used. When choosing the method, it should be well questioned how long the chosen technique causes redness and whether it makes the person sensitive to sun rays and therefore stains. In addition, in the dermabrasion method, the skin is sanded with the help of a tool, and the level differences in the skin are removed in this way. By injecting fillers under the skin, sunken pit acne sequelae can be corrected.

Are there any herbs that are claimed to be good for acne?

While trying herbal or natural recipes, it is very important that you act according to the sensitivity of your skin so that the skin does not get worse. Herbs can temporarily relieve acne and pimples.

Green tea is more effective in hormonal acne. It also helps to control the oil production of the skin by providing insulin balance. In addition, the vitamins and antioxidants it contains can prevent acne from worsening by reducing inflammation in the body.

Aloe vera; Thanks to the minerals and vitamins it contains, it stands out with its power to heal inflammation, burns and scars and renew the skin. It is a powerful fighter against bacteria. Some substances in this herb are very effective against acne bacteria. It won’t completely cure acne, but it can take away the redness and reduce inflammation and swelling. It is a herbal source that is claimed to have a partially corrective effect on acne scars.

Tea tree oil, garlic and apple cider vinegar are other herbal sources that are claimed to be good for acne.

In which areas is acne common?

Acne often affects the face, shoulders and back. In some patients, acne can also be found in the hip area and scalp.

Is there any disease that causes acne?

Polycystic (ovarian) ovarian disease should also be considered in patients with menstrual irregularity, increased hair growth, insulin resistance and acne. Especially in bleeding acne such as Acne fulminans and Acne conglobata, SAPHO syndrome should come to mind. Clinically, they present with pain, swelling and tenderness in the bones. It has a fluctuating course with exacerbations and improvements. Early diagnosis prevents unnecessary investigations and treatments. It is a chronic, painful but benign disease.

Can susceptibility to acne be learned with a blood test?

There is no blood test that shows acne predisposition. Acne in the parents at a young age, underlying menstrual irregularity, insulin resistance, hair growth and polycystic ovarian disease, using irregular birth control pills are the factors that facilitate acne formation.

Is there an acne vaccine?

Although studies continue in this area, there is no vaccine yet. In studies, “propionibacterium acne” factors in our skin flora, which play a role in acne, were targeted in vaccine development. Acne, which is the most common skin disease worldwide, will perhaps be prevented by vaccination in the future. In order to treat the acne disorder that affects millions of young people, scientists are working with the world’s largest vaccine company. Sanofi Pasteuris working on a vaccine that will stop the problem that will cause acne.

Is there a bacteria or parasite that causes acne?

It is known that “Propionibacterium acnes” found in our skin flora and the parasite named “demodex” play a role in the etiology of acne.

New treatment method in acne?

The newest treatment method that can treat both acne and scars at the same time is the needle Radiofrequency technique. The technique closes the fat channels by acting with radiofrequency energy thanks to its micro needles and stimulates the collagen, which is the building block of the skin. It is a treatment method with proven effectiveness in active acne, where creams and antibiotics do not work, and who do not want to take a drug treatment such as Isotretinoin, which is especially used in the treatment of acne. Other advantages are that it can be performed on both light and dark skinned people and allows to work in combination with other techniques.

Acne dictionary: The most frequently used “10 words” to know about acne

1. Comedones

2.Acne Scar


4. Cyst


6. Acne Spot


8. Isotretinoin

9.Acne pits


How many types of acne scars?

Color changes can be observed in acne patients, as well as puffy or atrophic wound healing. If only the upper layers of the skin are involved during the formation of acne, redness or brown discoloration occurs on the skin. This discoloration, called post-inflammatory pigmentation, is more common especially in dark-haired individuals. If the pimples affect the lower layer of the skin and are pointed, an “ice pick” scar occurs. If it is wide, what we call a “rolling” or “boxcar” scar occurs. Rolling scars are observed as depressions in the skin. Boxcar scars, on the other hand, are sharply circumscribed, round or oval depressions similar to chickenpox scars. Another type of scar that develops due to acne is the blistering wound healing that develops mostly around the shoulders and back.