Acne formation and treatment


Although puberty acne is perceived as one of the normal signs of early adolescence, it is only seen in teenagers whose sebaceous glands are overproducing. If puberty acne is not treated, it negatively affects the psychology of the young person in this sensitive period, and his relationships with his environment and friends.

Acne vulgaris is actually a sebaceous gland disease. The age of first appearance is determined as 12-15 years. If the skin, which starts to produce excessive oil during this period, is not cleaned sufficiently, the tip of the sebaceous glands becomes clogged and microbes begin to reproduce in it. The result can be blackheads, bruises, or pus-shaped, painful cysts that are purulent.

The production of skin oil, called sebum, functions under the control of hormones. The continuation of intense oil production during the youth years, when hormones are at their highest level, can continue the development of acne. The overactivity of the sebaceous glands slows down over the years. Puberty acne also decreases or disappears completely over time. However, this improvement may take years.

Effect of hormones
If acne in young girls is accompanied by menstrual irregularity, excessive hair growth and weight gain, there may be a condition called ‘polycystic ovary syndrome’ in which many cysts are seen in the ovaries.

Hormone tests are also recommended for women who start in their twenties, although they do not have acne during puberty. In these cases, acne may be associated with cysts and tumors that secrete excessive hormones.

In the one-week period before menstruation and in the presence of stress or tension, acne increases.

Although research has failed to link acne and diet, a calorie-rich diet with excess fat and sugar appears to slightly increase acne breakouts. It is also recommended not to take large amounts of nuts, chocolate and carbonated drinks.

Treatment is very necessary in two ways. Individuals with acne may find it difficult to participate in social life. It is difficult for young people with acne to feel happy in friendship, school and work environments. Untreated acne can also leave scars. The increased scars can give the face a recessed, rough, sometimes dark and red appearance.

Although scars can be treated with methods such as laser, peeling, mezoroller, it is easier to treat acne in a timely manner.

There are two main approaches to the treatment of acne. First of all, it is necessary to use gels, creams, specially prepared solutions, antibiotics to reduce oil secretion by using drugs containing isotretinoin, which is a permanent and long-established solution, or to clean the excess oil continuously.

In addition to this application, regular skin care is beneficial. There are also options such as peeling, ultraviolet, laser treatment.

One of the most important issues is not to squeeze blackheads and inflamed acne. Microbes on our hands and nails can cause widespread infection in this already sensitive area. Also, squeezing pimples can lead to scarring. Another important point is that the treatment is regular.

In our clinic, acnes are evaluated in detail and the necessary applications are carried out under hygienic conditions in addition to the treatment.