What is uveitis?

Uveitis is inflammation of the middle layer of the eyeball, which we call the uvea. Uvea is an important tissue rich in blood vessels. If uveitis is not treated, it can lead to decreased vision or loss of vision. Uveitis is divided into three as anterior, intermediate (intermediate) and posterior uveitis according to the place of involvement in the eye.

What Are the Symptoms of Uveitis?An ophthalmologist examination is necessary in case of one or more of the complaints such as blurry vision, seeing floating objects, increased sensitivity to light, painful or painless redness of the eye.

Which Diseases Increase the Risk of Uveitis? The exact cause of uveitis may not always be found. If you have one of the following disease diagnoses, your chances of having uveitis may increase. Rheumatic diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sarcoidosis, Lupus, Ankylosing Spondylitis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Conditions such as Tuberculosis, Herpes simplex, Herpes Zoster (Zona) Syphilis, Toxoplasma infections and eye injury increase your risk of uveitis.

How Is Uveitis Diagnosed? Uveitis can be diagnosed with an eye examination and auxiliary tests such as OCT (eye tomography), FFA (eye angiography). In addition, some blood-skin tests, examination of intraocular fluid and radiological imaging may be required to find out the cause of uveitis. As mentioned, since uveitis develops largely due to other diseases and conditions, it is important to determine the cause in order to organize the treatment correctly. In addition, consultations may be requested from other internal branches, chest diseases and rheumatology departments when the ophthalmologist deems it necessary.

How Is Uveitis Treated? Uveitis treatment should be done as soon as possible to protect vision. In the treatment of uveitis, cortisone drops are used to reduce inflammation. In some cases of severe uveitis, cortisone may need to be taken orally or intravenously. In addition, some antimetabolite and immunomodulatory drugs can also be used in the treatment of uveitis. Pupil dilating drops are very important in the treatment of uveitis, even if they impair the patient’s near vision. It is helpful in reducing pain and inflammation in the patient’s eye. Uveitis treatment can sometimes be carried out in conjunction with other internal branches.