What are the applications of aesthetic dentistry?

Aesthetic dentistry applications
gingival aesthetics
Porcelain laminate veneers
porcelain fillings
It can be listed under the titles of full ceramic crown and bridge applications.
Gum aesthetics:
It is evaluated together with the smile design. When the person smiles, the appearance of the gums causes aesthetic problems. In Gummy smile cases, gingival aesthetics is provided with surgical or electrosurgery applications, taking into account the amount of gingival and attached gingiva. Thus, the crown length of the teeth with short crown lengths can be made satisfactory.
Porcelain laminate veneer applications:
They are foliate porcelains that can be attached to the tooth by removing 0.5 mm of tooth tissue from the tooth (from the enamel layer). Because they are quite thin, they are referred to as flake porcelain. Providing minimal tooth preparation, as well as exhibiting natural tooth behavior to photographic flashes and neon lights, as in all-ceramic crowns, laminate veneers are widely used.
They can be applied in the presence of discoloration, crowding, gap (diastema), enamel defects, fluorosis, and morphological problems in teeth.
Porcelain fillings:
It can be applied in discolored teeth caused by old Amalgam fillings, in cases where tooth tissue loss is too small to be filled, and in the presence of any tooth tissue loss that needs aesthetics.
They are preferred because they are polished in the laboratory, do not allow plaque uptake, minimize the risk of edge leakage because they are adhered to the tooth with special systems, are tissue-friendly, can be used safely in cavities below the gingival level, and provide the most aesthetically satisfactory results when compared to other filling materials.
All-ceramic crown and bridge restorations:
Thanks to the developing technology in the field of dentistry, the necessity of using metal under porcelain crown and bridge restorations has been eliminated and all-ceramic restorations with a ceramic infrastructure have been developed. Among them; The frequency of use of IPS-based porcelains and zirconium-based porcelains has increased.
While porcelains with IPS infrastructure can be used easily in the anterior region, zirconium porcelains can be used both in the anterior and posterior regions.
The greatest advantage of all-ceramic crown and bridge restorations over metal-supported restorations is that their light transmittance (optical properties) is like natural teeth. Thus, they can provide an aesthetic equivalent to nature. Gray discolorations seen in the gingival area in metal-supported porcelain restorations disappear. In addition, they eliminate the risk of allergy and irritation thanks to the perfect texture compatibility of porcelain.