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Dental caries are diseases caused by bacteria, which are seen in dark colors such as brown and black on the chewing surfaces of the teeth, and can be observed as chalky white or only detected by x-ray on the interfaces of the teeth where they come into contact with each other. If dental caries progress, cavities occur on the teeth where food residues can accumulate. In the absence of intervention, first of all, sensitivity in cold and hot foods and beverages, and then continuous pain occurs.


On the hard tissues and teeth in the mouth, there is a layer we call bacterial plaque, which consists of bacteria, the sticky substance called dextran secreted by bacteria to attach to the teeth, and food residues. Bacteria in the plaque digest small food residues and release organic acids. Since these acids come into contact with the teeth for a long time due to dextran, they cause the enamel of the tooth to deteriorate by dissolving the mineral tissue, and as a result, the tooth decays.


In order to remove food residues sticking on the teeth, it is necessary to brush the teeth for at least 3 minutes in the morning after breakfast and before going to bed in the evening. Especially in individuals with cramped teeth, food residues accumulated on the side surfaces where the teeth come into contact with each other cannot be cleaned sufficiently even with regular tooth brushing. To prevent tooth decay in these areas, dental floss should be used at least once a day, after brushing.

A fluoride toothpaste should be used as fluoride has been proven to prevent or reduce caries formation. Toothbrush should be kept in such a way that bacteria do not accumulate on it and should be changed at regular intervals.

Sugary foods should be avoided as much as possible between main meals, and teeth should be brushed when sugary food is eaten. If it is not possible to brush, it will be appropriate to chew gums bearing the tooth-friendly emblem.

Children can be brought to regular dentist control from the first dentition period, and if necessary, protective sealant or fluoride can be applied on the teeth.

Caries risk can be determined by going to the dentist regularly at least every six months. Thus, the initial caries can be detected before they grow, and they can be treated without causing any problems.

If chalky whites or brown or black spots are seen on the teeth, it is necessary to consult a dentist immediately.