Aesthetic Dentistry is a special interest area of Dentistry, which has made significant progress in recent years and is still developing. With the increase in the number of modern individuals who give importance to their appearance in recent years in our country, demands have begun to come from our patients that emphasize the aesthetic appearance in dentistry, as in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Today, aesthetic dentistry practices in the adult patient Tooth Bleachingand Porcelain Venercan be evaluated in two main groups under the applications.
Teeth Bleaching (Whitening): It is the lightening of the color of the tooth with gels containing hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide without any intervention on the tooth tissue. The colors of the teeth become darker, either intrinsically (intrinsically) or extrinsically (externally), or both. In those who consume a lot of cigarettes, coffee, tea, red wine, and those who use iron preparations, the colors of the teeth begin to acquire a yellow-brown color over time. is removed. Intrinsic coloration, on the other hand, has various causes. Intensive use of antibiotics in childhood and advancing age may also cause the color of the teeth to acquire a yellow-gray color over time, and this coloration cannot be removed by external cleaning. In such cases hydrogen or carbamide peroxide Tooth bleaching is done using gels containing Tooth bleaching is generally applied in three ways: at home (home bleaching), in the clinic (office bleaching) and as a combination of the two.
Whitening applied at home is also placed in thin silicone molds specially prepared for the person. 8 to 18% carbamide peroxide It is applied between 2-10 hours depending on the severity of the discoloration. In-clinic bleaching is also usually 15-40% hydrogen peroxide Containing gels are applied by the physician and during this process, the gingiva is covered with a special substance because hydrogen peroxide is very caustic for the gingiva and oral mucosa. This application takes about half an hour and a visible lightening of the tooth color occurs. The important thing is to preserve this color for a long time, and for this reason, whitening is continued with the home kit that will be used for about 2-3 weeks, which the person will apply himself one day later. Applied both clinically and at home combined whitening The process is the most recommended method because to have white teeth in a short time hypersensitivity brings with it problems, which is an undesirable situation and puts the person in a lot of trouble. The bleaching applied in the clinic can be repeated 2-4 times depending on the color intensity and then applied. desensitizing gels patient comfort is provided. The preservation of tooth color after whitening depends on the care of the person, consuming too much tea, coffee, red wine accelerates the return of the color, the treatment can be continued with the use of special whitening pastes, the worst is smoking, if you smoke too much, it is best not to bleach your teeth. Obtained from the Internet and other shopping portals beyond the doctor’s control It is necessary to think about the effectiveness of the gels used, because the gels used are very sensitive to heat and if not stored under appropriate conditions, they become inactive in a short time and may not show any effect. Uncontrolled use of high-concentration gel for a very long time has negative effects on tooth enamel and caries-prone tooth surfaces can lead to its formation.
Porcelain Veneers: It is a very sensitive method that is frequently applied in aesthetic dentistry and is generally applied to the anterior teeth, and it provides very excellent aesthetics compared to known classical crowns (veneers) and does not cause any damage to the gums. Average half mm from the anterior surface of the teeth. By etching, measurements are taken with special measurement methods and preliminary plans are made on the model. In appropriate clinical situations, porcelain veneers can be applied with a sensitive study by taking direct measurements without any abrasion. It is also possible to make planning by transferring the images to the computer environment. It is of great importance that the physician and dental laboratory who will perform the application have a lot of experience and knowledge in this regard. The thin porcelain leaves prepared in the laboratory are rehearsed, after the appropriate form and color controls are made, the finishing is done. Porcelain leaves are adhered to the teeth with very special adhesives. Zirconium and Empress materials are products produced with advanced technology that are frequently used for this purpose.