middle ear infection

Middle Ear Inflammation
The middle ear is a cavity located behind the eardrum. The pressure inside is constantly changing, equalizing with the outer side of the membrane. If this pressure increases or decreases too much, various problems may occur. This condition is usually associated with a problem in the narrow canal that we call the Eustachian tube that connects the middle ear to the throat. The Eustachian canal, which connects the middle ear to the throat, has two functions. This channel both controls middle ear pressure and provides middle ear drainage. When you swallow, this channel opens so that the pressure is equalized. However, in young children, this canal is both short and straight, but in a child who has reached the age of seven, this canal acquires an anatomy that fully ensures its functions. Middle ear infections occur behind the eardrum. These infections are usually caused by viruses or bacteria. It could be related to a recent cold or allergic problem. In most patients, both ears are affected. Infection is more common in children since the middle ear has not fully completed its anatomical development.
Children under the age of five,
· Men,
Bottle fed babies
It is more common in children who go to kindergarten.
Although less common, middle ear infections are also seen in adolescence and adults. However, problems in the nasal region that may cause ear infections should be investigated in these patients. Middle ear infections are painful and cause insomnia as a result. They cause hearing loss by reducing the elasticity of the eardrum. This can delay your child’s ability to start talking.
It is recommended to go to an Ear Nose Throat and Head and Neck Surgery specialist immediately when complaints such as ear pain, ear congestion, discharge or hearing loss are seen. In such a case, remember that time is very valuable. If your child’s ear is thought to be a problem, both eardrums should be examined.
Necessary tests should be done. The approach to treatment is planned according to the results of examinations and tests and your child’s health history.
prof. Dr. Selcuk ONART