What a word that is said a lot, and a word that I have heard a lot! Let’s see together why these gums bleed even though we brush.
The tissues surrounding the tooth are our gums and jawbone. “Gum diseases” are the diseases of these surrounding tissues. In other words, these diseases are “periodontal diseases”. The department that examines the surrounding tissues of the teeth is called “periodontology”.
Gum diseases can occur at any age. So what makes gum disease so important?
Gum diseases are especially important in 4 aspects. First, they cause bad breath. Studies have shown that bad breathof your problems 59% from gum diseases originates. Secondly loss of healthy teeth they cause. Third, many systemic diseaseAnd finally, the chronic inflammation in the mouth. deterioration of general healthmay cause.
Today I will tell you about the most common gum diseases.
Literally, “gingivitis” means inflammation of the gums. So how does the gum become inflamed?
After eating, food residues that we call “debris” form on the teeth that are not cleaned. These residues are excellent media for bacteria. Bacteria that smell the food come here and start to multiply by sticking on these food residues. In this reproduction process, some bacteria die from time to time, and toxic wastes, which we call bacteria’s toxins, are also produced. This process continues as long as oral hygiene is not provided. After a while, this area hardens and tartar forms, which we call tartar. Thus, the gingivitis picture is completed. Gingivitis is a disease that has entered the Guinness Book of Records with its 90% incidence. . So, what are the symptoms of this disease, which is even in the record books?
redness. Healthy gingiva is rose-colored. When dried, its appearance is dotted like an orange peel. The edges are very clear at the junction of the tooth and gingiva. However, an unhealthy gingiva is bright and red in color. This redness is more prominent at the edges where the tooth and gingiva meet.
Edema. In an unhealthy gingiva, the edges where the tooth and gingiva meet have lost their clarity and sharpness and have taken rounded lines. Gums appear swollen.
ulceration.When the edges where the tooth and gingiva meet, they show a damaged appearance when examined closely.
Bleeding. Most people with gingivitis complain of a blood odor when they wake up in the morning. Almost all of them are bleeding while brushing their teeth. Both are a result of gingivitis. The condition that causes the most progression of gingivitis is that patients give up brushing due to “bleeding while brushing”. This is the biggest mistake ever made.
The treatment of this disease, which is seen at a rate of 90%, is quite simple. But the main rule in treatment is continuity. The second is the patient’s desire for treatment. Gingivitis is a disease that disappears without any damage when treated. However, if it is not treated, it causes the start of “periodontitis”, which I will explain in my article next week, and causes the loss of healthy teeth.
The first step in the treatment is the patient’s acquiring the habit of brushing plugs. Secondly, tartar causing disease should be eliminated. The disease ends as a result of the removal of tartar and the habit of regular brushing and flossing for 7 days. However, if this habit is not maintained, the disease starts to show its symptoms again between the 7th and 10th days.
A beautiful smile is possible not only with beautiful teeth, but also with healthy dental support tissues. A fresh breath, an aesthetic smile is an element that affects your human relations. All of this is more than possible with 4 minutes a day.