How is sinus surgery performed through endoscopy?

How Is Sinus Surgery Performed By Endoscopy?

How is Endoscopic Sinusitis Surgery Performed?

The cavities in the bones surrounding our nose and lined with a thin membrane called the mucous membrane are called sinuses. Endoscopic sinus surgery means intervention in various diseases of the sinuses under the vision provided by the cameras placed through the nostrils. These endoscopic sinus surgeries, which are performed in a very narrow and complex anatomical region, are generally performed under general anesthesia and can take between 45 minutes and three hours depending on the content of the pathology to be intervened. In cases where no other intervention is performed in the nose with sinus surgery, there is no buffering in the nasal airway at the end of the operation, and some special materials in gel structure that accelerate healing can be placed only in the areas where the sinuses are located. It is recommended that patients stay in the hospital on the day of surgery, in some cases depending on the content of the surgery, and in some cases, for regular follow-up and medication administration.

How is the condition of the sinuses after the surgery?

The aim of endoscopic sinus surgeries performed due to chronic sinusitis is to clean the foci of infection in the sinuses and to ensure that the clogged sinus ventilation channels are permanently opened with appropriate techniques. While the ethmoid sinuses, which consist of small chambers, can be completely cleaned during the operation, only the clogged ventilation channels of the other sinuses, which are large spaces in the skull bones, are opened. For this reason, it is possible for patients to have sinusitis after a sinus surgery performed in the best way, but if the surgery is performed successfully, the sinus ventilation channels are not blocked again and the infections are healed in a short time with appropriate drug treatments.

What Should Be Considered After Sinusitis Surgery?

In order not to increase the risk of bleeding in the surgical site, patients are generally advised not to engage in excessive activity and not to do sports in the first two weeks. After the surgery, the sinuses can easily become inflamed until the sinus mucosa regains its normal functions. For this reason, patients should visit their doctors regularly until their recovery is complete, and they should avoid activities such as swimming and diving that may cause infection.​​