gum aesthetics

Gingiva is one of the factors that affect smile aesthetics. Gum aesthetics includes procedures that can be performed by every individual who has medical and aesthetic problems related to their gums. For this purpose, patients who apply to dentist clinics can have an operation if their systemic health conditions and local intraoral conditions are suitable for the procedures to be performed.

What is Gum Aesthetics?

Gum aesthetics are most commonly performed with gingivoplasty or gingivectomy procedures. The gingivoplasty procedure includes procedures that reshape the gums. Gingivectomy, on the other hand, means cutting some of the existing gingiva in accordance with the contours of the gingiva. Different dental procedures can be applied for people who have problems with gingival recession rather than excessive gingival width. Simply, these procedures are performed by taking tissue from a different area from the mouth and adding it to the area where the extraction is taking place.

Who Makes Gum Aesthetics?

Periodontology is the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and operations of the supporting tissues around the teeth. Periodontology specialists are people who have received 3 years of specialization training in the faculty after completing their 5-year dental faculty education. Gingivoplasty and gingivectomy procedures can be performed by experienced dentists who have taken courses related to procedures related to periodontology specialists. More advanced operations are also provided by periodontology specialists and oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons.

Who Can Have Gum Aesthetics?

Those who have aesthetic concerns about their gums can have gum aesthetics by meeting with their physicians. Appropriate treatment planning is made in a suitable clinical environment for people who have excessive gingival appearance, gingival recession, unhealthy gingiva, and suffer from various asymmetries and discolorations. Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty procedures are performed especially for the problem called “Gummy Smile”, which refers to the appearance of the gums more than they should when smiling with teeth. With these procedures, the dimensions of the teeth seen in the mouth, namely the crown lengths, are extended and the gingiva is reduced to the normal level it should be visible.

How is Gum Aesthetics Performed?

If the gingival width is to be reduced by gingivoplasty or gingivectomy, aesthetic procedures are performed by numbing the relevant tooth area under local anesthesia. Thus, patients do not feel pain during the procedure. After locally numbing, using different materials, some gingiva is removed as planned by the specialist physician, and the gingiva is reshaped. For this purpose, laser devices are often preferred. The short application times of laser procedures and the fact that it provides a bleeding-free operation area are among the most important advantages.

For people with gum loss, both the relevant area and the donor area are anesthetized. Appropriate amount of tissue is taken from the donor area for the recipient area. After the tissue is removed, the areas that are easy to heal and will be compatible with the recipient area are selected for the procedure. The tissue taken is sutured appropriately to the recipient site. Then, the recovery of the patients is followed up with regular controls. This procedure is performed surgically in the operating room environment.

Is Gum Aesthetics Harmful?

Dental procedures involving the gums are not harmful but beneficial. Gum problems affect the general health of people, the health of teeth and surrounding tissues. These problems significantly affect oral hygiene practices, correct brushing of teeth, comfort of people and their psychology due to aesthetic concerns.

People with large gums and short crowns cannot clean effectively. This can lead to tooth decay, gingivitis and different bacterial and fungal infections in the mouth. Gingival recessions, on the other hand, progress further if the necessary treatments are not performed and can lead to problems such as osteoporosis, root caries, and sensitivity.