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Common orthodontic problems

Deviousness :The alignment of the teeth may be poor due to the small arch and/or the large teeth. The bone and gingiva around the roots of overcrowded teeth may become thinner and retracted as a result of overcrowding. Impacted teeth (dentures that should have erupted but have not erupted), poor closing relationships of the teeth, and an unpleasant appearance are the result of crowding.

Upper Thrust: Upper anterior teeth located far ahead of the lower incisors are open to trauma. This is often indicative of a bad bite in the posterior teeth and suggests an inequality in their jaw development. Generally, the protruding upper teeth are associated with a lower jaw that is proportionally shorter than the upper jaw. Thumb sucking habit can also lead to prolapse of the upper incisors.

Deep Closing: Deep bite is defined as the lower anterior incisors touching or standing too close to the gingival tissue behind the upper incisors. Serious bone damage and discomfort can occur when the lower front teeth touch the palate or gingival tissue behind the upper teeth. A deep bite can also cause the upper incisors to be overexposed.

Open Closing: When the upper teeth do not touch the lower teeth when they are closed, it is defined as an open bite. This gap between the lower and upper anterior teeth causes all of the chewing pressure to come to the posterior teeth. This excessive chewing pressure and accompanying friction make chewing inadequate and lead to serious tooth wear.

Intermittent Teeth:If the teeth are missing or small, or if the tooth arch is too wide, gaps may occur between the teeth. The most common complaint caused by these gaps is poor appearance.

Cross Closure: The most common form of crossbite is the closing of the upper teeth (towards the tongue) inside the lower teeth. Crossbite of the anterior and posterior teeth is usually treated early due to biting and chewing difficulties.

Gummy Smile: It is the appearance of too much gum tissue when talking or laughing. Approximately 7% of men and 14% of women have excessive gingival appearance while laughing. The Gummy Smile is usually associated with a wide upper jaw, a short upper lip, short upper incisors, or protruding anterior teeth. This may also be caused by lip length or tooth height disproportion. Gummy Smile can be corrected with orthodontic treatment, gingival surgery or a combination of these. Generally, active treatment with orthodontic appliances takes 1-2 years. The duration of treatment depends on the patient’s growth, cooperation and the severity of the problem.

Tongue Thrust: Swallowing is repeated approximately 2000 times a day for 24 hours. Every time you swallow, significant pressure is put on the structures inside your mouth. In a normal swallow, the middle part of the tongue should be placed on the roof of the mouth. If the tongue is placed between or behind the teeth, this pressure pushes the teeth outward and causes shape changes in the face and teeth. This abnormal swallowing movement is known as ‘tongue thrusting’. This condition is quite common in teenagers and adults and can be corrected with orthodontic treatment.

Class II Closure Disorder:
Class II problems are the general name of the abnormal closing relationship in which the upper jaw and teeth are located far in front of the lower jaw. Among the people, it is also called toothy or rabbit toothed. In many cases, this is due to a skeletal malocclusion and is hereditary.

Class III Closure Disorder:
Class III problems are also usually of genetic origin. In this malocclusion, the lower jaw and teeth are located in front of the upper jaw. Facial appearance may give the impression that the lower jaw is excessively large, but in many cases the lack of development of the upper jaw is the main cause. This causes the lower front teeth to be located in front of the upper front teeth, creating a crossbite. In these patients, it is necessary to carefully monitor the development of teeth and jaws throughout the treatment.